Critical Mass Energy Project

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The Critical Mass Energy Project was formed by Ralph Nader in 1974 as a national anti-nuclear umbrella group.[1] It was probably the largest national anti-nuclear group in the United States, with several hundred local affiliates and an estimated 200,000 supporters. Part of Nader's support comes from a Green agenda and the belief that "the most important office in America for anyone to achieve is full-time citizen."[2] [3] The organization's main efforts were directed at lobbying activities and providing local groups with scientific and other resources to campaign against nuclear power.[1]

The first national anti-nuclear conference, "Critical Mass '74" was held in Washington D.C. under the sponsorship of Ralph Nader.[4] Workshops were held and groups throughout the United States learned about forming anti-nuclear organizations. At about the same time, Karen Silkwood, a nuclear plant worker, was killed in a car accident while investigating her nuclear energy company. There was speculation that the accident may have been intended.[5][6]

The second Critical Mass conference was held in November 1975, and this involved a candlelight vigil in front of the White House for Karen Silkwood.[7][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Wolfgang Rudig (1990). Anti-nuclear Movements: A World Survey of Opposition to Nuclear Energy, Longman, p. 402.
  2. ^ Mongillo, John F. and Bibi Booth (2001)[
  3. ^ Steve Cohn (1997). Too cheap to meter: an economic and philosophical analysis of the nuclear dream SUNY Press, pp. 133-134.
  4. ^ Steve E. Barkan. Strategic, Tactical and Organizational Dilemmas of the protest Movement Against Nuclear Power Social Problems, Vol. 27, No. 1, October 1979, p. 23.
  5. ^ Jerome Price (1982). The Anti-nuclear Movement, Twayne Publishers, p. 13.
  6. ^ a b Justin Martin (2002). Nader, Perseus Publishing, pp. 172-179.
  7. ^ Jerome Price (1982). The Anti-nuclear Movement, Twayne Publishers, p. 15.