Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right
Unpublished during his lifetime (except for the introduction, published in Deutsch–Französische Jahrbücher in 1844), it is a manuscript in which Marx comments on fellow philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's 1820 book Elements of the Philosophy of Right paragraph by paragraph. One of Marx's major criticisms of Hegel in the document is the fact that many of his dialectical arguments begin in abstraction.
This work contains the earliest formulation of Marx's theory of alienation, which is informed by the writings of Ludwig Feuerbach and Bruno Bauer. Narrative of the work develops around analysis of the relations between civil society and political society, including Marx's most famous commentaries on the function of religion in the introduction.
- Opium of the people, a phrase coined in this work
- Leopold, David (2007). The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics and Human Flourishing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-511-28935-9.
- McLellan, David (1980) . Marx Before Marxism (2nd ed.). London: The Macmillan Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0-333-27883-3.
- McLellan, David (1969). The Young Hegelians and Karl Marx. London: Macmillan and Co. Ltd.