Crkvice

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Crkvice

Црквице
Village
Skyline of Crkvice
Crkvice is located in Montenegro
Crkvice
Crkvice
Location of Crkvice in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°34′N 18°38′E / 42.567°N 18.633°E / 42.567; 18.633
Country Montenegro
MunicipalityKotor
Elevation
1,092 m (3,583 ft)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)+382 32

Crkvice (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Црквице, pronounced [t͡sř̩kv̞it͡sɛ]) is a village in Krivošije, on the outskirts of Mount Orjen in Montenegro, and the wettest inhabited place in Europe.[1] Nowadays virtually uninhabited, Crkvice was most notable as the location of a large Austro-Hungarian military base which was active until the end of World War I, when Montenegro regained control of the area.

History[edit]

Monument in Crkvice dedicated to rebels of the Krivošije Uprising (1869)

During the rule of the Austria-Hungary over the Krivošije region, Crkvice was used up as the base military camp. The fortifications, including Fort Kom (Crkvice Ostfort) and Fort Stražnik (Crkvice Westfort), were built by the Austro-Hungarian soldiers in the first half of the 19th Century, and represented the furthest fortification towards the border with Montenegro. During that period, over 150 objects were built in Crkvice, including military training grounds, hotel, tennis courts, bowling alley, football pitch with stands for 1,000 spectators, cinema, church, bakery, hospital, post office, stables, and even a funicular.[2] During the Austro-Hungarian period, Crkvice had up to 10,000 inhabitants.[3] Crkvice bakery was the largest in Balkans at the time, having produced 24 tons of bread per day.[4]

The monument dedicated to the victorious rebels of the 1869 Krivošije uprising was put up in Crkvice on its centenary in 1969.

Climate[edit]

Crkvice is within the Mediterranean subtropical belt. While summers are hot and sunny, autumn, winter and spring are rainy seasons. A peculiarity of the littoral Dinarids is the precipitation regime as the settlements of Orjen receive more precipitation than any others in Europe. Like the monsoon rain it is seasonally distributed, thus November thunderstorms sometimes pour 2000 liters of water in several days, while August is frequently completely dry, leading to forest fires. With a maximum discharge of 350 m³/s water one of the biggest karst springs, the Sopot spring near Risan, is a remarkable indicator of this seasonality. Most of the time it is inactive but after heavy rain a remarkable waterfall appears 20 m above the Bay of Kotor.

Two wind systems are noteworthy for their ecological significance: bora and jugo. Strong cold downslope winds of Bura type appear in winter and are most severe in the Bay of Risan. Gusts reach 250 km/h and can lead to a significant fall of temperatures in several hours with freezing events problematic for most of the Mediterranean cultures. Jugo is a warm humid wind and is important as it brings heavy rain. It appears throughout the year but is most frequent in autumn and spring.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Late Holocene Glacial History of Sólheimajökull, Southern Iceland" (PDF).
  2. ^ Tomislav Grgurević. Crna Gora i Bokeljski ustanak 1869. godine.
  3. ^ Anton Belan. "Rušenje katoličke crkve na Crkvicama". bokanews.me. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Unveiling the hidden landscapes of Montenegro: The EU's work to preserve cultural heritage helps boost tourism in the Western Balkans". eeas.europa.eu. Retrieved 14 February 2018.

Coordinates: 42°34′N 18°38′E / 42.567°N 18.633°E / 42.567; 18.633