Croatian Chamber of Counties election, 1993

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Croatian Chamber of Counties election, 1993
Croatia
7 February 1993 1997 →

63 out 68 seats to the Chamber of Counties
Turnout 64.3%
  First party Second party
  FranjoTudman.JPG Pd croatian drazen budisa 9Feb02 932.jpg
Leader Franjo Tuđman Dražen Budiša
Party HDZ HSLS
Seats won 37 16
Popular vote 1,013,365 486,210
Percentage 45.49% 21.83%

Elected Speaker

Josip Manolić
HDZ

Chamber of Counties election were held for the first time in Croatia on 7 February 1993.[1] The result was a victory for the Croatian Democratic Union, which won 37 of the 63 elected seats.

Background[edit]

Under the new constitution adopted in 1990, the Croatian Parliament was bicameral. The lower house had been elected in 1992 and its representatives had passed laws creating new territorial organisations of Croatia. This included counties that were to be represented by the upper house – the Chamber of Counties.

Each county elected three members, while the President had the right to appoint five members, known as "Virils".[2] The electoral law made each county a district that was to elect three representatives on the basis of proportional representation.

In practice, the use of proportional representation in such small districts led to a single party – the Croatian Democratic Union – being grossly overrepresented because sometimes even with less than third of the votes guaranteed two of the three seats.

The elections were marked by an uncharacteristically intense campaign directed towards single region – Istria. Government of Franjo Tuđman has invested great effort to defeat the Istrian Democratic Assembly, concerned about party's good result during 1992 elections. This effort backfired, resulting in record vote for the IDS.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Croatian Democratic Union 1,013,365 45.5 37
Croatian Social Liberal Party 486,210 21.8 16
Croatian Peasant Party 258,953 11.6 5
Istrian Democratic Assembly 76,273 3.4 3
HSLS-HNS 45,657 2.0
Party of Democratic Changes 41,955 1.9 1
HSLS-HNS-SDP 35,937 1.6
HSLS-HNS-HKDU-SDP 33,246 1.5
Croatian Christian Democratic Union 27,584 1.2 0
Dalmatian Action 26,303 1.2 0
RDS-IDS 22,801 1.0
HSLS-SDP 21,478 1.0
SDP-HSS 18,312 0.8
Social Democratic Union 17,413 0.8 0
Croatian People's Party 15,363 0.7 1
Other parties 64,351 2.9 0
Independents 22,562 1.01 0
Appointed members 5
Invalid/blank votes 76,019
Total 2,303,782 100 68
Registered voters 3,580,396 64.3
Sources: Nohlen & Stöver, Official results[3]

Graphic distribution of seats in the 1st Chamber of Counties (1993-1997)[edit]

Chamber of Counties of Croatia 1993-1997.svg

  HSLS: 16 seats
  HSS: 5 seats
  IDS: 3 seats
  SDP: 1 seats
  HNS: 1 seats
  HDZ: 37 seats
  Presidential appointees: 5 seats

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p410 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p419
  3. ^ "Izvješće o provedenim izborima za zastupnike u Županijski dom Sabora Republike Hrvatske" (PDF) (in Croatian). State Election Commission of the Republic of Croatia. February 1993. Retrieved 2011-11-28.