Croatian Revolutionary Brotherhood

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The Croatian Revolutionary Brotherhood (CRB) (Croatian: Hrvatsko revolucionarno bratstvo (HRB)) was one of the Croatian emigre terrorist groups formed in Australia in the early 1960s.[1] The organisation was created by Croatian migrants to Australia from Yugoslavia after World War II, those who actively fought for the Fascist State of Croatia, the "NDH". The organisation carried out more than 120 actions in Europe and Australia.[2] The organisation was active throughout the territories of Yugoslavia in the early and mid 1960s. Its aim was to start an uprising in Yugoslavia and to establish an independent Croatia. This mission failed due to the intervention of the UDBA, the Yugoslav secret police.[3]

Actions[edit]

  • Raid on the Yugoslavs' Club in Paris, 1966
  • Assassination attempt on Yugoslav ambassador to Germany, 1966
  • Assassination of superintendent in Yugoslav embassy in Stuttgart, 1966
  • Sabotage attempt on the transmission line and railway Zagreb-Rijeka, 1967
  • Plot to assassinate Josip Broz Tito, 1967
  • Raid on the Yugoslav embassy in Melbourne, Australia, 1967
  • Planning of bomb attacks on planes, buses and trains in order to disturb tourism in Yugoslavia, 1968
  • Raid on a bar in Schveningen, Netherlands. where Yugoslav consul organized Embassy Days
  • Bomb attack at the cinema "22. Oktobar" in Belgrade; 1 person killed, 85 wounded
  • Assassination attempt on Chief of the Yugoslav Military Mission in Berlin, 1969
  • Assassination attempt of the Yugoslav vice-consul in Lyon, 1969
  • Uprising attempt in Bugojno, 1972
  • Action Kaktus; a sabotage attempt on the 1975 tourist season[4][5]
  • Milan Levar, an ICTY witness, assassination in 1998 [6]

Notable members[edit]

Some CRB members were:

  • Andrić Brothers
  • Blaž Kraljević
  • Geze Pastya
  • Josip Senić
  • Pavo Vegar
  • Mirko Vlasnović
  • Ilija Glavas[7]

These people were also members of Ante Pavelić's Croatian Liberation Movement (HOP) but they left that organisation because they decided they would not achieve their goals through the political route.

The CRB/HRB's motto was: "Život za Hrvatsku". English translation: "Life for Croatia"

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Yonah Alexander, Kenneth Myers: Terrorism in Europe (RLE: Terrorism & Insurgency), Routledge, Apr 17, 2015 page 59
  2. ^ The Australian Security Intelligence Organization: An Unofficial History, Routledge, Nov 12, 2012 page 221
  3. ^ Paul Hockenos: Homeland Calling: Exile Patriotism & the Balkan Wars, Cornell University Press, 2003 pages 60-61
  4. ^ Wilhelm Heitmeyer, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Stefan Malthaner, Andrea Kirschner: Control of Violence: Historical and International Perspectives on Violence in Modern Societies, Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 4, 2010 pages 395-396
  5. ^ Sean Brawley: Doomed to Repeat?: Terrorism and the Lessons of History,New Academia Publishing, 2009 pages 283-298
  6. ^ Eric Stover: The Witnesses: War Crimes and the Promise of Justice in The Hague, University of Pennsylvania Press, Jun 3, 2011 page 114
  7. ^ Croatian terrorism in Parliamentary Debates (Hansard).: House of Representatives, Volume 55 Commonwealth Government Printer, 1973 page 545

See also[edit]