Croatian Social Liberal Party

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Croatian Social Liberal Party
Hrvatska socijalno-liberalna stranka
President Darinko Kosor
Spokesperson Dorica Nikolić
Founder Slavko Goldstein[1]
Founded 20 May 1989 (1989-05-20)
Headquarters Zagreb, Croatia
Ideology Conservative liberalism[2]
Social liberalism
Political position Centre-right
National affiliation Patriotic Coalition
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
International affiliation Liberal International
Colours Yellow
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European Parliament
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County Prefects
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Official website
Politics of Croatia
Political parties

Croatian Social Liberal Party (Croatian: Hrvatska socijalno liberalna stranka) or HSLS is a parliamentary conservative liberal[3] political party in Croatia. The party is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party. Its current president is Darinko Kosor, elected to that post in November 2009.


The HSLS was formed on 20 May 1989 as Croatian Social Liberal Union (Croatian: Hrvatski socijalno liberalni savez).[4] It was the first Croatian political party formed after the reintroduction of multi-party system. As such it was part of Coalition of People's Accord during the first free elections in 1990. Its first leader was Slavko Goldstein, succeeded in 1990 by Dražen Budiša, who remained the leader until 1995. HSLS became the main opposition party after 1992 presidential and parliamentary elections and remained such until the late 1990s.

In February 1996, Vlado Gotovac became the president of the party. However, in November 1997 Budiša became the president again, and a faction led by Gotovac split off to form the Liberal Party.

In 1998 HSLS created permanent coalition with Social Democratic Party (SDP), which won elections two years later, replaced ruling Croatian Democratic Union and formed the new government together with four other parties.

However, after the party split in 2002 (the forming of LIBRA), HSLS left the government.

At the Croatian parliamentary election, 2003, an alliance of the HSLS and the Democratic Centre won 4.0% of the popular vote and 3 out of 151 seats. Two of these seats were held by the HSLS, down from 25 in 2000, causing Budiša to submit his resignation as president. After elections the HSLS supported the government of Ivo Sanader. In 2004, Ivan Čehok was elected party president.

After the Croatian local elections, 2005 it was announced that there are merger negotiations between HSLS and the Liberal Party. The latter dissolved itself, with membership and party infrastructure re-joining HSLS in January 2006. Đurđa Adlešić succeeded Ivan Čehok as the leader of reunited party.

Before the 2007 elections, HSLS, although still in government announced joint election ticket with opposition parties - Croatian Peasant Party and Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar. This coalition as a whole lost five seats compared to the previous election, but HSLS retained their two seats. They remained in the governing coalition under Ivo Sanader.

HSLS continued to support the government of Jadranka Kosor until July 10, 2010 when Darinko Kosor, the leader of the Croatian Social Liberal Party, announced his party's decision to leave the governing coalition. This resulted in the party's two parliamentary representatives Ivan Čehok and Antun Korušec leaving the party. Since 14. July 2010, HSLS have no representatives in Parliament for the first time in party's history.


In recent years by supporting Ivo Sanader, HSLS moved from social liberalism to conservative liberalism. This was considered unpopular, and party's decline in political influence resumed.[citation needed]

Election history[edit]


The following is a summary of the party's results in legislative elections for the Croatian Parliament. The "Total votes" and "Percentage" columns include sums of votes won by pre-election coalitions HSLS had been part of. In elections where it became possible for the candidates of HSLS to receive preferential votes, that statistic is added to the total votes column. The "Total seats" column includes sums of seats won by HSLS in election constituencies plus representatives of ethnic minorities affiliated with HSLS.

Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change
(Coalition totals) (HSLS only)
1990 (April–May) KNS 439,372 15.30% N/A
1992 (August) None 466,356 17.71% 14 / 138
1995 (October) None 279,245 11.55% 12 / 127 –2
2000 (January) SDPPGSSBHS 1,138,318 38.70% 25 / 151 +13
2003 (November) DC 100,335 4.00% 2 / 151 –23
2007 (November) HSSPGS 161,814 6.50% 2 / 153
2011 (December) None 71,077 3.00% 0 / 151 –2
2015 (November) Patriotic Coalition 771,070 (7,600[5]) 33.46 2 / 151 +2


The following is a list of presidential candidates who were endorsed by HSLS in elections for President of Croatia.

Election Candidate First round result Second round result
Votes Rank Votes Result
1992 (Aug) Dražen Budiša (HSLS) 22.3% Runner-up
1997 (Jun) Vlado Gotovac (HSLS) 17.6% Third
2000 (Jan–Feb) Dražen Budiša (HSLS) 27.8% Runner-up 44.0% Runner-up
2005 (Jan) Đurđa Adlešič (HSLS) 2.7% Fourth
2009–10 (Dec–Jan) Ivo Josipović (SDP) 32.4% First 60.3% Won
2014–15 (Dec–Jan) Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (HDZ) 37.2% Runner-up 50.7% Won

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Butković, Davor (21 February 2009). "Kako smo osnivali HSLS (i je li umro)?". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Croatia". Parties and Elections. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Povijest i program" (in Croatian). Croatian Social Liberal Party. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Suzana Barilar (13 November 2015). "Preferencijalni glasovi". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 

External links[edit]