Croatian nationality law

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Croatian Citizenship Act
Coat of arms of Croatia.svg
Parliament of Croatia
An Act relating to Croatian citizenship
Enacted byGovernment of Croatia
Status: Current legislation

The Croatian nationality law dates back from June 26, 1991. It is based upon the Constitution of Croatia (Chapter II, articles 9 and 10). It is mainly based on Jus sanguinis.

Acquisition of Croatian citizenship[edit]

Croatian citizenship can be acquired in the following ways:

  1. Jus sanguinis: By descent if at least one of the parents is a Croatian citizen
  2. Jus soli: By birth in Croatia (unless citizenship of another country has been acquired by descent), or a child found in Croatia whose parents are unknown
  3. By naturalisation

Dual citizenship[edit]

Croatia allows its citizens to hold foreign citizenship in addition to their Croatian citizenship. Some countries, however, do not permit multiple citizenship e.g. adults who acquired Croatian and Japanese citizenship by birth must declare, to the latter's Ministry of Justice, before turning 22, which citizenship they want to keep.

Citizenship of the European Union[edit]

Because Croatia forms part of the European Union, Croatian citizens are also citizens of the European Union under European Union law and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.[1] When in a non-EU country where there is no Croatian embassy, Croatian citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.[2][3] Croatian citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.[4]

Travel freedom of Croatian citizens[edit]

Visa requirements for Croatian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Croatia. In 2018, Croatian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 156 countries and territories, ranking the Croatian passport 20th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[5]

In 2017, the Croatian nationality is ranked twenty-eighth in the Nationality Index (QNI). This index differs from the Visa Restrictions Index, which focuses on external factors including travel freedom. The QNI considers, in addition to travel freedom, on internal factors such as peace & stability, economic strength, and human development as well. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Croatia". European Union. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  2. ^ Article 20(2)(c) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  3. ^ Rights abroad: Right to consular protection: a right to protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities of other Member States when in a non-EU Member State, if there are no diplomatic or consular authorities from the citizen's own state (Article 23): this is due to the fact that not all member states maintain embassies in every country in the world (14 countries have only one embassy from an EU state). Antigua and Barbuda (UK), Barbados (UK), Belize (UK), Central African Republic (France), Comoros (France), Gambia (UK), Guyana (UK), Liberia (Germany), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK), San Marino (Italy), São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal), Solomon Islands (UK), Timor-Leste (Portugal), Vanuatu (France)
  4. ^ "Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)" (PDF). Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  5. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  6. ^ "The 41 nationalities with the best quality of life". www.businessinsider.de. 2016-02-06. Retrieved 2018-09-10.

External links[edit]