Croatian parliamentary election, 1995

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Croatian parliamentary election, 1995
Croatia
← 1992 29 October 1995 2000 →

All 127 seats to Chamber of Representatives
64 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 68.8%
  First party Second party
  FranjoTudman.JPG Zlatko Tomcic.png
Leader Franjo Tuđman Zlatko Tomčić
Party HDZ HSS
Last election 85 seats 13 seats
(HSS, IDS, HNS)
Seats won
75 / 127
18 / 127
Seat change Decrease10 Increase5
Popular vote 1,093,403 441,390
Percentage 45.2% 18.3%

  Third party Fourth party
  Pd croatian drazen budisa 9Feb02 932.jpg Ivica Račan facingleft.jpg
Leader Dražen Budiša Ivica Račan
Party HSLS SDP
Last election 14 seats 11 seats
Seats won
12 / 127
10 / 127
Seat change Decrease2 Decrease1
Popular vote 279,245 215,839
Percentage 11.6% 8.9%

Prime Minister before election

Nikica Valentić
HDZ

Subsequent Prime Minister

Zlatko Mateša
HDZ

Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Croatia
Constitution

Parliamentary elections were held in Croatia on 29 October 1995 to elect the 127 members of the Chamber of Representatives.[1] The result was a victory for the Croatian Democratic Union, which won 75 seats, an absolute majority. Therefore, this was the last election to date in which a single party won enough seats to govern alone, without the need for a pre-election or post-election coalition. Voter turnout was 68.8%.[2]

Background[edit]

The term of the existing Chamber of Representatives was to expire one year later, in 1996. However, Croatian government of Franjo Tudjman and his Croatian Democratic Union party hoped to exploit national euphoria over the success of Operation Storm.[3] Chamber of Representatives was quickly dissolved, but not before passing yet another piece of electoral legislation, introducing new voting system which was to improve chances of ruling party.[citation needed]

According to the new electoral law, 32 seats were won in individual constituencies on First past the post basis, while 80 seats were to be distributed on the basis of proportional representation, with the threshold being raised from previous 2% to 5%.

Another addition was raised threshold for lists of party coalitions - 8% for coalition of two parties and 11% for coalition of three and more parties. It is more than obvious that the new rules were introduced to discourage coalitions of small opposition parties and subsequently have their votes dispersed and wasted below the threshold, allowing stronger party to get additional seats.

While 12 seats were kept for Croatian expatriates, number of seats reserved for ethnic minorities have changed. This was most evident in case of Serbs, who had only 3 seats compared with previous 11.

Under such conditions, Croatian opposition parties were more concerned about their own political survival than actually challenging ruling party. Learning from their mistakes during 1992 elections, they created ad hoc coalitions and circumvented electoral thresholds by fielding other parties' members as their own candidates on the lists.

In the end, HDZ won roughly the same percentage of votes and same number of seats as three years earlier. More significant changes were among the ranks of Croatian opposition. Social Democratic Party of Croatia re-emerged as significant political factor with 8.93% votes, at the expense of Croatian Social Liberal Party which had its share of votes nearly halved. Both parties, however, were not as successful as large opposition coalition which included Croatian Peasant Party, Croatian People's Party and Istrian Democratic Assembly.

The most tense moment of the campaign occurred during the vote count. It appeared that Croatian Party of Rights would fail to break 5% threshold, only for the vote to mysteriously increase afterwards.

The election was held in conjunction with special elections for Zagreb City Assembly, which resulted with Zagreb Crisis.

Results[edit]

Party PR Constituency Diaspora Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Croatian Democratic Union 1,093,403 45.23 42 21 12 75 –10
HSS-IDS-HNS-HKDU-SBHS[a] 441,390 18.26 16 2 0 18 +5
Croatian Social Liberal Party 279,245 11.55 10 2 0 12 –2
Social Democratic Party 215,839 8.93 8 2 0 10 –1
Croatian Party of Rights 121,095 5.01 4 0 0 4 –1
Social Democratic Union 78,282 3.24 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian Independent Democrats 72,612 3.00 0 0 1 +1
Social Democratic Action of Croatia 40,348 1.57 0 0 1 +1
Croatian Party of Rights 1861 31,530 1.30 0 0 0 0 0
Croatian Christian Democratic Party 16,986 0.70 0 0 0 0 0
Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar 0 0 1 0
Serb People's Party 0 0 2 –1
Other parties 26,644 1.10 0 0 0 0 0
Independents 0 4 0 4 –1
Invalid/blank votes 82,666
Total 2,500,040 100 80 32 12 127 –11
Sources:

a Within the alliance, the Croatian Peasant Party won 10 seats (+7), the Istrian Democratic Assembly won 3 (no change), the Croatian People's Party won 2 (–4), the Croatian Christian Democratic Union won 1 (+1) and the Slavonia-Baranja Croatian Party won one (+1).

Popular vote
HDZ
  
45.23%
HSS-IDS-HNS-HKDU-SBHS
  
18.26%
HSLS
  
11.55%
SDP
  
8.93%
HSP
  
5.01%
SDU
  
3.24%
HND
  
3.00%
SDAH
  
1.57%
HSP1861
  
1.30%
Others
  
1.91%

Subsequent changes[edit]

The following changes happened after elections:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p410 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p415
  3. ^ http://www.jutarnji.hr/davor-butkovic--prva-hrvatska-vlada-koja-bi-mogla-pasti/895339/

External links[edit]