Crockham Hill

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Crockham Hill
Royal Oak Cottages - geograph.org.uk - 863016.jpg
Royal Oak Cottages, Crockham Hill
Crockham Hill is located in Kent
Crockham Hill
Crockham Hill
Location within Kent
OS grid referenceTQ442505
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townEdenbridge
Postcode districtTN8
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°14′10″N 0°03′52″E / 51.235973°N 0.064405°E / 51.235973; 0.064405Coordinates: 51°14′10″N 0°03′52″E / 51.235973°N 0.064405°E / 51.235973; 0.064405

Crockham Hill is a village in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England. It is about 3 miles (5 km) south of Westerham, and Chartwell is nearby. The village has a population of around 270 people.[1] It contains a 19th-century pub, the Royal Oak, and Holy Trinity church.

Etymology[edit]

Crockham Hill comes from the Old English 'crundel' meaning a 'chalk-pit, quarry' with 'ham' as a 'village, homestead' and 'hyll' for 'hill'; therefore, the 'quarry village on the hill'.[2]

History[edit]

The village street is on the line of a Roman road, the London to Lewes Way.[3]

Initially a cider house and inn, the buildings of the Royal Oak pub are thought to be at least 500 years old. The Inn had a 35-foot well, which was used by pilgrims on their way to Thomas Becket's tomb in Canterbury and, in the 1950s, was recorded as a possible safe supply of drinking water in the event of atomic warfare.[4]

Stone church building with square tower
Holy Trinity Church

Holy Trinity Church , a Church of England parish church, was constructed in 1842, in the Gothic Revival style.  It is a Grade II listed building, of stone construction with a hammerbeam roof.[5]

Crockham Hill Church of England Primary School was built below Holy Trinity Church in 1867 at a cost of £1,252. The school was enlarged and modernised after the First World War, and again in 1922 when a new classroom and cloakroom were added.[6]

In 1872, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales gave the follow description of the village:

Crockham-Hill, a chapelry in Westerham parish, Kent: at the boundary with Surrey, 2 miles N of Eden-bridge r. station, and 2¼ S of Westerham. It was constituted in 1842. Post town, Edenbridge. Rated property, £1, 930. Pop., 542. Houses, 108. The property is subdivided. A hill which gives name to the chapelry commands an extensive panoramic view. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Canterbury. Value, £105.* Patron, Mrs. W. St. John Mildmay. The church is good.[7]

Notable residents[edit]

Octavia Hill, a social reformer, philanthropist, artist, writer and co-founder of the National Trust, also lived in the village. Her remains are buried in the churchyard of the village church, Holy Trinity, [8] and there is a memorial sarcophagus inside the church. [9]

Constance Garnett, translator of nineteenth-century Russian literature, lived and died in the village. In addition to producing the first English language translations of Fyodor Dostoevsky and Anton Chekhov, Garnett translated the complete works of Ivan Turgenev and Nikolai Gogol, and the major works of Leo Tolstoy.[10]

Eric M. Rogers, author and physics educator, grew up in Crockham Hill.[11]

Edward Garnett , writer, editor, associated with early 20th century authors. husband of Constance Garnett[12]

David Garnett, writer, member of the Bloomsbury group, son of Edward and Constance Garnett, grew up in Crockham Hill.[13]

Barrie Russell Jones, ophthalmologist, ophthalmic surgeon, and pioneer of preventive ophthalmology. [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Street Check: Area Information for Crockham Hill, Edenbridge, TN8 6RP". 2011. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "History of Crockham Hill". Kent Past. 2010. Archived from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  3. ^ I D Margary, Roman Ways in the Weald 1965 Phoenix House
  4. ^ "The Royal Oak". Archived from the original on 11 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Church of Holy Trinity". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  6. ^ "HOLY TRINITY CHURCH, CROCKHAM HILL". Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Vision of Britain". Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  8. ^ "A historic walk over Octavia Hill, Kent". London: Guardian. 12 May 2012. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  9. ^ Campbell, Sophie (2 May 2012). "Octavia Hill Centenary Trail: a walk for National Trust's founder". Telegraph. Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  10. ^ "Encyclopedia Britannica". Encyclopedia Britannica. 15 December 2018. Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  11. ^ Fuller, Keith (1994). "Eric Rogers 1902–1990". In Jennison, Brenda; Ogborn, Jon (eds.). Wonder and Delight: Essays in Science Education in honour of the life and work of Eric Rogers 1902–1990. Bristol and Philadelphia: Institute of Physics. p. 203.
  12. ^ Reynolds, Kev (August 2015). "Edward Garnett (1868-1937)" (PDF). Holy Trinity Church. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  13. ^ Reynolds, Kev (August 2015). "EDWARD GARNETT (1868-1937)" (PDF). Holy Trinity Church. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  14. ^ Reynolds, Kev (July 2015). "BARRIE RUSSELL JONES (1921-2009)" (PDF). Holy Trinity Church. Retrieved 29 October 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to Crockham Hill at Wikimedia Commons