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Temporal range: Late Miocene - Recent
C. palustris
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Crocodylidae
Subfamily: Crocodylinae
Genus: Crocodylus
Laurenti, 1768

See text

Crocodylus Distribution.png
Worldwide distribution of Crocodylus

Crocodylus is one of three genera from the subfamily Crocodylinae of the family Crocodylidae.

The 13 living species are:

Established species also include six extinct species:[4]


The cladogram below follows the topology from a 2011 analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences by Robert W. Meredith, Evon R. Hekkala, George Amato and John Gatesy.[3]


C. porosusCrocodylus porosus white background.jpg

C. palustrisMugger crocodile white background.jpg

C. siamensisSiamese Crocodile white background.jpg

C. johnsoniFreshwater crocodile white background.jpg

C. novaeguineae

C. mindorensis

 Africa-New World 

C. suchus

C. niloticusNile crocodile white background.jpg

 New World 

C. rhombiferCuban crocodile white background.jpg

C. moreletii

C. acutusAmerican crocodile white background.jpg

C. intermedius

The cladogram below follows the topology from a 2012 analysis of morphological traits by Christopher A. Brochu and Glenn W. Storrs. Many extinct species of Crocodylus might represent different genera. C. suchus was not included, because its morphological codings were identical to these of C. niloticus. However, the authors suggested that it could be explained by their specimen sampling, and considered the two species to be distinct.[4]


"Asiatosuchus" germanicus

Prodiplocynodon langi

Asiatosuchus grangeri

"Crocodylus" affinis

"Crocodylus" depressifrons

Brachyuranochampsa eversolei

"Crocodylus" acer


Kentisuchus spenceri

Dollosuchoides densmorei

Megadontosuchus arduini

Gavialosuchus eggenburgensis

Toyotamaphimeia machikanensis

Tomistoma lusitanica

Tomistoma schlegeliiTomistoma schlegelii. white background.JPG

"Tomistoma" cairense

Thecachampsa antiqua

Thecachampsa americana

Thecachampsa carolinense

Penghusuchus pani

Paratomistoma courti

"Tomistoma" petrolica


"Crocodylus" megarhinus


Kambara implexidens

Australosuchus clarkae

Trilophosuchus rackhami


"Crocodylus" pigotti

"Crocodylus" gariepensis

Euthecodon arambourgii

Euthecodon brumpti


Rimasuchus lloydi

Voay robustus

Osteolaemus osborniBristol.zoo.westafrican.dwarf.croc.arp. white background.jpg

Osteolaemus tetraspis

Mecistops cataphractusCrocodylus cataphractus faux-gavial d'Afrique2 white background.JPG


C. checchiai

C. palaeindicus

C. anthropophagus

C. thorbjarnarsoni

C. niloticus Nile crocodile white background.jpg

C. siamensis Siamese Crocodile white background.jpg

C. palustris Mugger crocodile white background.jpg

C. porosusCrocodylus porosus white background.jpg

C. johnsoni Freshwater crocodile white background.jpg

C. mindorensis

C. novaeguineae

C. raninus

C. acutus American crocodile white background.jpg

C. intermedius

C. rhombiferCuban crocodile white background.jpg

C. moreletii


Crocodylus species originated from an ancestor in the Indo-Pacific region between 9 million years ago and 16 million years ago.[6] They radiated into Africa between 8 million years ago and 12 million years ago. This was followed between 4 million years ago to 8 million years ago by a trans-Atlantic migration to the Americas.


  1. ^ McAliley, Willis, Ray, White, Brochu & Densmore (2006). Are crocodiles really monophyletic?—Evidence for subdivisions from sequence and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39: 16-32.
  2. ^ Brochu, C. A.; Njau, J.; Blumenschine, R. J.; Densmore, L. D. (2010). "A New Horned Crocodile from the Plio-Pleistocene Hominid Sites at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania". PLoS ONE. 5 (2): e9333. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009333. PMC 2827537free to read. PMID 20195356. 
  3. ^ a b Robert W. Meredith, Evon R. Hekkala, George Amato and John Gatesy (2011). "A phylogenetic hypothesis for Crocodylus (Crocodylia) based on mitochondrial DNA: Evidence for a trans-Atlantic voyage from Africa to the New World". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 60: 183–191. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.03.026. 
  4. ^ a b c Brochu, C. A.; Storrs, G. W. (2012). "A giant crocodile from the Plio-Pleistocene of Kenya, the phylogenetic relationships of Neogene African crocodylines, and the antiquity of Crocodylus in Africa". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 (3): 587. doi:10.1080/02724634.2012.652324. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ Srikulnath K, Thapana W, Muangmai N (2015) Role of chromosome changes in Crocodylus evolution and diversity. Genomics Inform 13(4):102-111. doi: 10.5808/GI.2015.13.4.102