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Crocs, Inc.
Company typePublic
  • Wholesale trade
  • Retail & consumer services
  • Clothing & clothing accessories
Founded2002; 22 years ago (2002)
HeadquartersBroomfield, Colorado, U.S.
Key people
RevenueIncrease US$2.313B (2021)
Increase US$725 million (2021)
Total assetsIncrease US$1.54B (2021)
Total equityIncrease US$14.08M (2021)
Number of employees
4,000, including 3,000 in retail-related functions (2021)[3]
Footnotes / references

Crocs, Inc. is an American footwear company based in Broomfield, Colorado, that manufactures and markets the Crocs brand of foam footwear. Crocs, Inc. term these "clogs", but they do not contain any wood like traditional clogs.



Scott Seamans, Lyndon "Duke" Hanson, and George Boedecker Jr founded Crocs in 2002 to produce and distribute the shoe, as they recognized its potential and utility for consumers.[5][6]

The trio acquired Andrew Reddyhoff's design from Foam Creations, Inc. of Quebec City, which became the foundation of the Crocs shoe known today.[7] Seamans, Hanson, and Boedecker were drawn to the sandal's comfort, practicality, and unique features.

In 2002, Crocs unveiled their first model, the Beach, at the Fort Lauderdale Boat Show in Florida, and all 200 pairs produced quickly sold out, demonstrating the instant popularity of the footwear.[8]

As the demand for Crocs grew, the company underwent further development and rebranding. In 2005, TDA Boulder redesigned the original Crocs logo and launched the "Ugly Can Be Beautiful" campaign, the first national advertising campaign for the Crocs brand. This successful campaign, created by Creative Director Thomas Dooley, Designer Matt Ebbing, and Creative Director Jonathan Schoenberg, helped pave the way for Crocs' successful IPO.

In February 2006, Crocs completed its initial public offering (IPO) of common stock, trading on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol CROX. Despite facing some challenges, including a stock value drop in 2007 due to decreased revenue projections, Crocs' popularity continued to rise, making it a globally recognized and beloved footwear brand.


On April 14, 2008, during the midst of the financial crisis of 2007–2008, the stock dropped 30% in after-hours trading after the company issued a press release in which they significantly decreased earnings estimates for the first quarter. In the same statement, they also said they would lay off its 600 Quebec City factory employees as retailers had been reducing orders, though about 100 sales and marketing positions would remain. "The retail environment in the U.S. has become increasingly challenging as consumer spending and traffic levels have slowed," chief executive officer Ron Snyder said. During the financial crisis, CROX dropped to as low as $0.79 before rebounding ($15.50 by November 2010).[9]

On July 21, 2010, Crocs Inc. announced a restructuring plan to streamline its operations and workforce by eliminating 180 jobs, closing 75 to 100 stores (out of 624 worldwide) as well as scrapping underperforming product lines. Crocs has previously eliminated 183 positions, including 70 current and planned positions in its corporate headquarters in Niwot, Colorado. Crocs also announced they would open a "global commercial center" with 50 to 75 employees in Boston, Massachusetts, in 2014, for merchandising, marketing and retail functions.[10]

On October 18, 2011, Crocs stock suffered a single-day drop of about 39.4% on lowered earnings and revenues forecast.[11]

In June 2013, Crocs reported a 42.5% decrease in net profits from a year before. As a result, the stock fell 20.2% in one day.[12]

In December 2013, the hedge fund SAC Capital Advisors disclosed that it held a 5% stake in Crocs, just over a day after The Blackstone Group said it would invest $200 million in a convertible preferred stock offering that would allow the company to replace its CEO and buy back $350 million in stock. In a filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, SAC Capital management said it had accumulated a 5% passive stake in Crocs.[13]


Crocs had sold 300 million pairs of shoes by year 2017.[14] In August 2018, Crocs announced it was closing its last company-operated manufacturing plants in Mexico and Italy.[15] In June 2020, Crocs moved the headquarters from Niwot, Colorado, to Broomfield.[16]

In 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the company launched "A Free Pair for Healthcare" offering healthcare workers a free pair of their shoes. Crocs also sent 100,000 pairs of shoes to hospitals to be distributed to staff.[17]

In the years 2020 to 2022, Crocs experienced a surge in sales[18] due to several factors. One reason for the brand's resurgence was a shift in consumer behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic, with many people looking for footwear that they could wear while working from home. Additionally, Crocs benefited from collaborations with high-profile fashion designers and a marketing campaign that helped to revitalize the brand's image. As a result of these factors, Crocs' sales had a two-digit rise annually during this period.[citation needed]


An American pair of stylized Crocs, symbolizing the flag of the United States

In October 2006, Crocs Inc. purchased Jibbitz, a manufacturer of accessories that snap into the holes in Crocs shoes, for $10 million, or $20 million if Jibbitz met earnings goals.[19]

In January 2007, Crocs acquired assets of Ocean Minded[20] for $1.75 million in cash, plus potentially $3.75 million based on performance. Ocean Minded makes leather and ethylene-vinyl acetate-based footwear.[21] In July 2007 Crocs agreed to buy shoe- and sandal-maker Bite Footwear, based in Redmond, Washington, for $1.75 million, or up to double that based on earnings results.[22]

In April 2008, Crocs acquired Tidal Trade, Inc. ("Tidal Trade"), the company's third-party distributor in South Africa, for $4.6 million. The company recorded $1.4 million in customer relationships on the date of acquisition. Crocs repurchased inventory previously sold to Tidal Trade and accordingly recognized a reduction of revenue of approximately $2.1 million.[23] Also in April the company acquired Tagger International B.V. ("Tagger"), a private limited liability company incorporated under Dutch law that manufactures messenger bags. Tagger was partially owned by the Managing Director of Crocs Europe B.V. The company acquired all Tagger assets for $2 million – $90,000 for inventory and $1.9 million for the Tagger trademark.[23] Later in June, Crocs liquidated Fury, Inc. two years after acquiring it,[24] after efforts to sell it off were unsuccessful. As a result, Crocs wrote off $250,000 related to the remaining customer relationships, intangible assets and trademarks over three months.[23]

In February 2022, Crocs acquired the Italian shoe company HEYDUDE for $2.3 billion, as well as issuance of stock to one owner of HEYDUDE.[25]

Since the beginning of Russia's full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the company's operations in Russia, including retail, e-commerce sales and imports into the country, have been suspended with a promise of support through donations to UNICEF.[26]

Manufacture and patents[edit]

In June 2004, Crocs purchased Foam Creations and their manufacturing operations to secure exclusive rights to the proprietary foam resin called Croslite. Croslite is a closed-cell resin,[27][28] described by third parties as an injection-moulded EVA foam.[29] The foam forms itself to a wearer's feet and offers purported medical benefits, according to a number of podiatrists.[30][31] Crocs holds a patent applied for under the title "breathable workshoes and methods for manufacturing such",[28] and three design patents covering various ornamental aspects.[32][33][34]

As of 2007, the company had applied to register "Crocs" and the Crocs logo as trademarks in over 40 jurisdictions around the world, including the U.S.; many such applications were pending approval. Crocs also extended the scope of their trademark registrations and applications for both the Crocs mark and logo to cover non-footwear products, such as sunglasses, goggles, knee pads, watches, luggage, and some of their Internet sales activities.[21]


White Crocs with Toy Story's alien "Jibbitz" shoe accessories

Crocs are made in a variety of styles and colors. The Classic styles are available in more than 30 colors.[35] A "Fuzz Collection" with woolly liners extends the brand's range to winter wear.[36]

Crocs also sells other fashion accessories. Jibbitz are decorations that can be clipped to the ventilation holes in the shoes.[37]

In 2008, the company entered the golf shoe marketplace by acquiring the golf shoe manufacturer Bite Footwear and introducing a Croc-styled pair of golf shoes, the Ace.[23]

Partnerships and collaborations[edit]

Crocs was the title sponsor of the Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP) Tour from 2006 through the 2009 season.[38][39]

Crocs were in the public eye in 2021 with celebrities like Nicki Minaj and Justin Bieber modeling the shoes on social media.[40][41] Crocs were popular on social media like TikTok, as well.[42]

Crocs collaborations are announced on a regular basis, with individuals and brands designing their own limited-edition versions. In 2021, they partnered with The Smiley Company to launch a special edition Croc.[43] In 2023, they collaborated with German luxury label MCM for a series of limited releases.[44]

Imitations and counterfeits[edit]

Crocs announced in 2006 that it filed complaints with the United States International Trade Commission (ITC) and the United States district court against 11 companies that manufacture, import or distribute products, called "croc-offs",[45] that Crocs believes infringe its patents.[46] Seizures of counterfeit Crocs occurred in 2007 in the Philippines[47] and Denmark,[48] and were under litigation in South Africa.[49] In 2010, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit held that Crocs' design patent had been infringed.[50]

In 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission requested a voluntary recall of Crocs-like "clogs" due to a potential choking hazard involving detaching plastic rivets.[51]

Crocs-like brands include Airwalk, Crosskix, Poliwalks, USA Dawgs/Doggers, Veggies, among others. Versions of the Croc style shoes have appeared in children's fashion catalogs, usually under their own name brands or as no names. Other knock-offs are in discount stores, amusement park stores, beach stores, department stores, and superstores.[45]

Health and safety[edit]

Moving stairs/escalator safety sign mentioning soft shoes (picture implies Crocs)

Some Crocs shoes were tested and recommended by the U.S. Ergonomics company in 2005[52] and were accepted by the American Podiatric Medical Association[53] in 2009.[30] In 2008, the U.S. government Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved a model of Crocs with molded insoles as diabetic footwear, to help reduce foot injuries.[54]

Footwear such as Crocs and flip-flops came under scrutiny in 2006 in the U.S. and 2008 in Japan when children suffered injuries after the shoes became caught in escalator mechanisms.[55][56] This was due to the soft shoe material combined with the smaller size of children's feet.[57] In 2008, Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry, after receiving 65 complaints of injuries, requested that Crocs change its design.[56]

Internationally, some healthcare facilities introduced policies in 2007 regulating Crocs. Rapid City Regional Hospital in South Dakota changed its dress code to prohibit the sandal variants and those with holes, citing safety concerns, but allowed closed-top "Professional" and the healthcare-focused "Rx" Crocs to be worn.[58] Over 100 hospitals in Canada were advised to implement similar policies.[59][60] Blekinge and Karolinska University hospitals in Sweden banned the wearing of "Forsberg slippers" (Foppatofflor)[61] by staff, due to high voltage static electricity buildup which was observed[62] to interfere with electronic equipment.[63][64][65] City hospitals in Vienna, Austria, announced banning Crocs, often worn by nursing staff, to comply with antistatic requirements.[66]

Crocs announced the Fuse and two others in 2009, formulated to dissipate static electricity in accordance with European standard EN ISO 20347:2004 (E), for use in the medical sector.[67]

Cultural influence[edit]

Sales of Crocs increased dramatically starting in 2009,[68] with The New York Times stating that first-quarterly sales roughly tripled from 2006 to 2007.[69] A 2006 article in The Washington Post described the phenomenon: "Nor is the fashion world enamored of Crocs. Though their maker touts their 'ultra-hip Italian styling,' lots of folks find them hideous."[30] In 2007, then-U.S. President George W. Bush publicly wore black Crocs with socks.[70] Comedian Bill Maher stated during a 2007 episode of his show Real Time that people should "stop wearing plastic shoes".[71] A 2007 episode of The Daily Show featured comedian Rob Corddry as a reporter satirically following up on that year's lewd conduct arrest of Senator Larry Craig, with Corddry stating that a person wearing Crocs is signaling that "anything goes".[72]

The 2006 film Idiocracy heavily features the footwear as the costume department had a limited budget and Crocs were an inexpensive option. During the 2004 production of the film the team thought that the inexpensive plastic shoes both looked like they could be the shoe of the future but also too stupid to actually catch on, making them perfect for the film. [73]

In 2008, fashion consultant Tim Gunn told Time, "[The Croc] looks like a plastic hoof. How can you take that seriously?"[74] A 2008 anti-Crocs essay in Newsweek by ice hockey player Steve Tuttle[75] generated much response from readers who both agreed and disagreed with it.[76] In 2009, then-First Lady Michelle Obama was spotted wearing Crocs with her daughter.[77] Crocs were ranked the sixth worst thing to happen to men in 2007 by Maxim.[78] In 2010, Time magazine listed Crocs as one of the world's "50 Worst Inventions".[79] The blog "" was founded by two Canadian college students; one of its founders, Kate Leth, referred to the shoes as "hideous". The website "" documented uses of the shoes.[69] The Facebook group "I Don't Care How Comfortable Crocs Are, You Look Like a Dumbass" has been mentioned in the media.[80][81][82]

In the mid-2010s, public perception of Crocs began to shift. In 2015, Prince George was photographed at a charity event wearing navy blue Crocs. After one week, this created a 1,500% increase of sales according to a spokesperson for[83][84] Fashion designer Christopher Kane had his models wear Crocs during his show at the 2016 London Fashion Week,[85] and Balenciaga released a 10 cm Croc platform shoe in 2017.[86] Crocs saw a massive surge in popularity in 2020, caused by the rise of casual fashion during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic and its worldwide lockdowns.[87] By 2022, they were the best-selling item of clothing on Amazon.[88] Industry experts believed that much of the trend was also driven by Gen Z's desire for "comfort and unconventional style".[89] Celebrities such as Justin Bieber, Bad Bunny, Ariana Grande, Post Malone, Nicki Minaj, Questlove, and Kanye West all sported Crocs during the early 2020s, inspiring fans to embrace the shoes' "newfound coolness".[90][87] There have also been limited edition themed Crocs created in collaboration with Bieber, KFC, Hidden Valley Ranch, and Pixar.[91]


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External links[edit]

  • Official website
  • Business data for Crocs: