Cromer Lifeboat Station
|Cromer Lifeboat Station|
|Type||RNLI Lifeboat Station|
|Location||Cromer Lifeboat Station, Cromer Pier, Cromer, Norfolk|
|Opened||1804 as Norfolk Shipwreck Association|
|Owner||Royal National Lifeboat Institution|
|Material||Fabricated steelwork and concrete|
Cromer Lifeboat Station is an RNLI station located in the town of Cromer in the English county of Norfolk. The station operates two lifeboats - one for inshore work and the other for offshore work.
The current lifeboat station on the end of Cromer Pier was re-built between 1997 and 1999 to replace the smaller 1923 one which was re-located to Southwold in Suffolk where it is used as a lifeboat museum. The new boathouse cost approximately £3 million which was funded by bequests and private donations. Cromer Lifeboat station is one of the most famous of the lifeboat stations operated by the RNLI.
There has been a lifeboat service operated from Cromer for two centuries - predating the establishment of the RNLI. The volunteer crews at Cromer have gained a record of gallantry stretching back to the beginnings of the RNLI. Some of the most notable rescues and service have been carried out by famous coxswains such as Henry Blogg and Henry "Shrimp" Davies and their crews. To date there have been awards of 45 Bronze medals, 8 Silver medals and 3 Gold medals.
In the early days of the station the lifeboats were kept outdoors on the east jetty. From 1804 the privately operated service was funded by a subscription fund which was administered by a local committee led by Lord Suffield, the third baron of Gunton Hall. Other dignitaries on the committee included George Wyndham of Cromer Hall, Thomas Mickleburgh, a local merchant, Joseph Gurney, a Cromer draper and Benjamin Rust who was a grocer. This was the situation of the service until 1857, when with the lifeboat organisation falling into financial troubles and the lifeboats falling into a bad state of repair, the Royal National Lifeboat Institution took over the Cromer station along with other Norfolk Association stations. By this time the association had built a lifeboat house which once stood some 100 yards from the high-water mark close to what is now the inshore lifeboat station. The RNLI altered and renovated this station at a cost of £46.2s.7d. but by the mid-1860s this station had outlived its usefulness and a new boathouse was planned. The new site was on the east gangway and in 1867 work started on the new station. The new boathouse work also included building an extension to the sea walls and a slipway across the top of the beach. The work cost £476.4s.0d and was carried out by a local builder by the name of E. Simmons. The cost of the station was met by Benjamin Bond Cabbell who had also bought the new lifeboat for the station.
The station operated two offshore boats from 1923. The second boat was replaced by an inshore lifeboat (ILB) in 1967.
|Dates in service||Class||ON||Op. No.||Name|
|1868–1884||34ft Self-Righter||Benjamin Bond Cabbell|
|1884–1902||Cromer-class||ON 12||Benjamin Bond Cabbell II|
|1902–1923||Liverpool-class||ON 495||Louisa Heartwell|
|1923–1924||Norfolk and Suffolk-class||ON 670||H F Bailey (renamed to John and Mary Meiklam of Gladswood when transferred)|
|1924–1928||45ft Watson-class||ON 694||H F Bailey|
|1928–1929||45ft 6in Watson-class||ON 714||H F Bailey II|
|1929–1935||45ft Watson-class||ON 694||H F Bailey|
|1935–1945||46ft Watson-class||ON 777||H F Bailey III|
|1945–1966||46ft Watson-class||ON 840||Henry Blogg|
|1967–1984||48ft 6in Oakley-class Mk.II||ON 990||48-03||Ruby and Arthur Reed|
|1984–1985||46ft 9in Watson-class||ON 926||Guy and Clare Hunter|
|1985–1996||Tyne-class||ON 1097||47-006||Ruby and Arthur Reed II|
|1996–1999||Mersey-class||ON 1189||12-30||Her Majesty The Queen (Carriage launched during boathouse rebuilding)|
|1999–2007||Tyne-class||ON 1097||47-006||Ruby and Arthur Reed II|
|2007–2008||Mersey-class||ON 1162||12-004||Royal Shipwright (Carriage launched during slipway rebuilding)|
No. 2 lifeboat
When the station received its first motor lifeboat, a No. 2 station was established located in the old boathouse. It was closed in 1967 when the station received an inshore lifeboat.
|Dates in service||Class||ON||Op. No.||Name|
|1923–1931||Liverpool-class (P&S)||ON 495||Louisa Heartwell|
|1931–1934||Liverpool-class (P&S)||ON 514||Alexandra|
|1934–1964||Liverpool-class||ON 770||Harriot Dixon|
|1964–1964||Liverpool-class||ON 834||Jose Neville|
|1964–1967||Oakley-class||ON 980||37-13||William Henry and Mary King|
|Dates in service||Class||Op. No.||Name||Photo|
|1967–1970||D-class (RFD PB16)||D-101||unnamed|
|1970–1971||D-class (RFD PB16)||D-26||unnamed|
|1972–1984||D-class (RFD PB16)||D-197||unnamed|
|1984–1992||D-class (EA16)||D-307||Spirit of Roundtable|
|2002–2011||D-class (EA16)||D-568||Seahorse III|
|2011–present||D-class (IB1)||D-734||George & Muriel|
- OS Explorer Map 252 - Norfolk Coast East. ISBN 978-0-319-23815-8.
- Cromer lifeboat history Archived 28 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2 March 2010
- Cromer Lifeboat, A pictorial history, By Nicholas Leach & Paul Russell, Pub; Landmark Collector’s Library, ISBN 978-1-84306-363-6
- "Cromer Lifeboats 1804-2004", Leach, Nicholas & Russell, Paul, Pub: Tempus Publishing, 2004, ISBN 0-7524-3197-8