Cromwell, Indiana

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Town of Cromwell, Indiana
Town
State Road 5 in the downtown district
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°24′17″N 85°36′45″W / 41.40472°N 85.61250°W / 41.40472; -85.61250Coordinates: 41°24′17″N 85°36′45″W / 41.40472°N 85.61250°W / 41.40472; -85.61250
Country United States
State Indiana
County Noble
Township Sparta
Area[1]
 • Total 0.30 sq mi (0.78 km2)
 • Land 0.30 sq mi (0.78 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 512
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 510
 • Density 1,706.7/sq mi (659.0/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EST (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46732
Area code(s) 260
FIPS code 18-15994[4]
GNIS feature ID 0433147[5]

Cromwell is a town in Sparta Township, Noble County, Indiana, United States. The population was 512 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Cromwell was platted in 1853, and so named for the fact its founder was an admirer of English politician Oliver Cromwell.[6] A post office has been in operation at Cromwell since 1851.[7]

The Cromwell Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2015.[8]

Geography[edit]

Cromwell is located at 41°24′17″N 85°36′45″W / 41.40472°N 85.61250°W / 41.40472; -85.61250 (41.404591, -85.612512).[9]

According to the 2010 census, Cromwell has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 350
1910 520
1920 420 −19.2%
1930 371 −11.7%
1940 399 7.5%
1950 449 12.5%
1960 451 0.4%
1970 475 5.3%
1980 458 −3.6%
1990 520 13.5%
2000 452 −13.1%
2010 512 13.3%
Est. 2015 504 [10] −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 512 people, 183 households, and 126 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,706.7 inhabitants per square mile (659.0/km2). There were 222 housing units at an average density of 740.0 per square mile (285.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 92.6% White, 0.2% Native American, 6.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.9% of the population.

There were 183 households of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.1% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.29.

The median age in the town was 30.6 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 7.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.5% male and 53.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 452 people, 180 households, and 120 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,523.3 people per square mile (581.7/km²). There were 193 housing units at an average density of 650.4 per square mile (248.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.25% White, 1.33% Asian, 1.11% from other races, and 3.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.87% of the population.

There were 180 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,438, and the median income for a family was $43,750. Males had a median income of $32,422 versus $20,547 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,664. About 11.7% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-16. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Counties of LaGrange and Noble, Indiana: Historical and Biographical. F.A. Battey & Company. 1882. p. 236. 
  7. ^ "Noble County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 9/14/15 through 9/18/15. National Park Service. 2015-09-25. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.