Crook County, Wyoming

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Crook County, Wyoming
Sundancebank.jpg
Map of Wyoming highlighting Crook County
Location in the U.S. state of Wyoming
Map of the United States highlighting Wyoming
Wyoming's location in the U.S.
Founded 1885
Named for George Crook
Seat Sundance
Largest town Sundance
Area
 • Total 2,865 sq mi (7,420 km2)
 • Land 2,854 sq mi (7,392 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 7,464
 • Density 2.5/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.crookcounty.wy.gov
Buffalo on the range in Crook County, Wyoming

Crook County is a county located in the northeastern section of the U.S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,083,[1] making it the third-least populous county in Wyoming. Its county seat is Sundance.[2]

History[edit]

Crook County was created by the legislature of the Wyoming Territory on December 8, 1875, from portions of Albany and Laramie Counties. It was organized in 1888.[3]

Crook County was named for Brigadier General George Crook, a commander during the Indian Wars.[4] In 1890, Crook County lost territory when Weston County was created. Campbell County was formed with land ceded by Crook County in 1911.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,865 square miles (7,420 km2), of which 2,854 square miles (7,390 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5] The lowest point in the state of Wyoming is located on the Belle Fourche River in Crook County, where it flows out of Wyoming and into South Dakota.

Devils Tower National Monument is located in the Bear Lodge Mountains in Crook County.

The Missouri Buttes, at the northwestern end of the Black Hills, are located in the county, 3.5 miles northwest of Devils Tower.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 239
1890 2,338 878.2%
1900 3,137 34.2%
1910 6,492 106.9%
1920 5,524 −14.9%
1930 5,333 −3.5%
1940 5,463 2.4%
1950 4,738 −13.3%
1960 4,691 −1.0%
1970 4,535 −3.3%
1980 5,308 17.0%
1990 5,294 −0.3%
2000 5,887 11.2%
2010 7,083 20.3%
Est. 2016 7,464 [6] 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1870–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 5,887 people, 2,308 households, and 1,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,935 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.86% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.1% were of German, 14.6% English, 7.8% Irish and 6.8% American ancestry.

There were 2,308 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,601, and the median income for a family was $43,105. Males had a median income of $34,483 versus $18,967 for females, indicating a relatively high level of income inequality based on gender. The per capita income for the county was $17,379. About 7.8% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,083 people, 2,921 households, and 2,016 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 2.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.97/km2). There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile (0.50/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 38.8% were German, 16.5% were English, 14.5% were Irish, 9.5% were Swedish, and 3.8% were American.[12]

Of the 2,921 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, and 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 43.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,890 and the median income for a family was $55,765. Males had a median income of $47,821 versus $32,217 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,520. About 6.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 87.5% 3,348 7.1% 273 5.4% 205
2012 84.4% 3,109 11.6% 426 4.1% 150
2008 80.6% 2,967 16.6% 612 2.8% 104
2004 83.5% 2,836 14.8% 501 1.7% 59
2000 83.6% 2,289 13.2% 361 3.2% 88
1996 60.9% 1,698 23.4% 651 15.7% 438
1992 51.3% 1,377 21.2% 568 27.5% 738
1988 76.3% 1,939 21.8% 553 1.9% 48
1984 83.0% 2,286 16.3% 450 0.7% 18
1980 79.0% 1,909 17.1% 413 3.9% 94
1976 67.2% 1,438 30.5% 653 2.2% 48
1972 83.4% 1,760 16.1% 339 0.5% 11
1968 71.6% 1,240 18.4% 318 10.1% 175
1964 60.9% 1,214 39.1% 780
1960 72.8% 1,537 27.2% 573
1956 72.8% 1,139 27.2% 426
1952 79.8% 1,734 19.5% 423 0.7% 16
1948 61.6% 1,166 37.6% 712 0.7% 14
1944 64.3% 1,244 35.7% 690
1940 60.9% 1,359 38.9% 869 0.2% 5
1936 51.8% 1,218 46.3% 1,088 1.9% 44
1932 44.0% 1,062 54.6% 1,317 1.4% 34
1928 71.4% 1,466 28.4% 582 0.2% 5
1924 54.5% 978 26.1% 468 19.4% 349
1920 67.2% 934 32.5% 451 0.3% 4
1916 40.5% 846 56.6% 1,181 2.9% 60
1912 27.0% 505 38.8% 726 34.3% 641
1908 54.5% 1,068 40.7% 799 4.8% 94
1904 64.3% 984 31.0% 475 4.7% 72
1900 56.6% 692 43.4% 531
1896 47.7% 524 51.8% 569 0.6% 6
1892 42.7% 399 0.0% 0 57.3% 535

Crook County is one of the most heavily Republican counties in the state, both in state and federal elections. The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932.[15] In the last five Presidential elections the Democratic candidate has consistently received less than 24% of the county's vote.[16]

In the Wyoming Senate the county is represented by Republican Ogden Driskill since 2011.[17] In the Wyoming House of Representatives it has been represented by Republican Tyler Lindholm since 2015.[18]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Long, John H., ed. (2004). "Wyoming: Individual County Chronologies". Wyoming Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Retrieved August 19, 2015. 
  4. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-204-8. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Decennial Census Population for Wyoming Counties, Cities, and Towns". Wyoming Department of Administration & Information, Division of Economic Analysis. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ Geographie Electorale
  16. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on Wyoming)
  17. ^ Wyoming State Legislature Profile for Ogden Driskill
  18. ^ Wyoming State Legislature Profile for Tyler Lindholm

Coordinates: 44°35′N 104°34′W / 44.59°N 104.56°W / 44.59; -104.56