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A crore (//; abbreviated cr) denotes ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107) in the Indian numbering system. It is widely used in South Asia, and is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators. It is equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000).
Large amounts of money in India are often written in terms of crores. For example, 150,000,000 (one hundred fifty million) Indian rupees is written as 'fifteen crore rupees' or '₹15 crore' r 'Rs 15 crore'.
Trillions of ₹ are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:
- = One lakh crore rupees
- = ₹1 lakh crore
- = Rs 1 lakh crore
- = Rs (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
- = Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000 in Indian notation
- = Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in western notation
- = Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
- = Rs 1 billion (long scale)
- = 1012 rupees
Lakh is also used in Sri Lanka; however, most Sri Lankans use the term koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) for crore when referring to money.
The population of a country is usually expressed in crores. For example, the population of India is around 133 crores.
Etymology and regional variants
The word crore is a borrowing from Hindustani kărōṛ, krōṛ, from the Prakrit kroḍi, is in turn from the Sanskrit koṭi, denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names.
South Asian languages
- Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
- Bengali: কোটি ko̊ŧi
- Hindi: करोड़ karoṛ
- Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
- Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
- Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
- Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written koti)
- Marathi: कोटि koṭi
- Nepali: करोड karoḍ
- Odia: କୋଟି koṭi
- Pāli: koṭi
- Pashto: خبری korur
- Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
- Sindhi: ڪروڙ kiroṛu
- Sinhala කෝටිය koṭiya
- Tamil: கோடி kōṭi
- Telugu: కోటి kōṭi
- Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ
- Balochi: kaaroor
In other languages
- Arabic: الكرور عشرة ملايين al-krūr ('ashra malāyyin)
- Burmese: ကုဋေ [ɡədè] (increasingly archaic)
- Chinese: 克若爾 or 克若尔 kèruò’ěr; 俱胝 jùzhī in Chinese Buddhist texts, but 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn ("a thousand myriad") is use in ordinary contexts
- Japanese: クロー kurō, but 千万 senman ("thousand myriad") is normally used. See article on Japanese numerals.
- Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
- Persian: کرور Krur / Korur
- Tagalog: karora (archaic usage, also kotiha or kotiya). Sampúng milyón is normally used.
- Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)