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A crore (//; abbreviated cr) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107), which is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000 with the local style of digit group separators. It is equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000). It is widely used in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal. The Indian numbering system is used when writing Marathi, Hindi, Bengali, Urdu, Nepali, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam.
Trillions of ₹ are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:
- = One lakh crore rupees
- = ₹1 lakh crore
- = Rs 1 lakh crore
- = Rs (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
- = Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000 in Indian notation
- = Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation
- = Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
- = 1012 rupees
lakh is also used in Sri Lanka, most Sri Lankans use the term koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) for Crore when referring to money.
Etymology and regional variants
The word crore is derived from the Prakrit word krodi, denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names in modern languages.
South Asian languages
- Assamese: কোটি kûti, কৌটি kouti
- Bengali: কোটি koṭi
- Hindi: करोड़ karoṛ
- Gujarati: કરોડ karoḍ
- Kannada: ಕೋಟಿ koṭi
- Konkani: कोटि koṭi or करोऱ karoṛ
- Malayalam: കോടി koḍi (often written koti)
- Marathi: कोटि koṭi
- Nepali: करोड karoḍ
- Oriya: କୋଟି koṭi
- Pāli: koṭi
- Pashto: خبری korur
- Punjabi: کروڑ - ਕਰੋੜ karoṛ (often written karor)
- Sindhi: ڪروڙ kiroṛu
- Sinhala කෝටිය koṭiya
- Tamil: கோடி kōṭi
- Telugu: కోటీ koṭī
- Urdu: کروڑ karoṛ
In other languages
- Arabic: الكرور عشرة ملايين al-krūr ('ashra malāyyin)
- Burmese: ကုဋေ [ɡədè] (increasingly archaic)
- Chinese: 克若爾 or 克若尔 kèruò’ěr; 俱胝 jùzhī in Chinese Buddhist texts, but 一千萬 or 一千万 yī qiānwàn ("a thousand myriad") is use in ordinary contexts
- Japanese: クロー kurō, but 千万 senman ("thousand myriad") is normally used, see article on Japanese numerals
- Kapampangan: katâ / kata-katâ
- خبری khbri
- Tagalog: karora (archaic usage, also kotiha or kotiya). Sampúng milyón is normally used.
- Thai: โกฏิ kot or kot̩i (from Pali koti, obsolete)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Crore". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Oxford English Dictionary". Retrieved 9 February 2011.