Crosby Battery

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Crosby Battery
Crosby, Merseyside
England
Crosby Battery is located in Merseyside
Crosby Battery
Crosby Battery
Coordinates53°30′35″N 3°03′43″W / 53.5098°N 3.06187°W / 53.5098; -3.06187Coordinates: 53°30′35″N 3°03′43″W / 53.5098°N 3.06187°W / 53.5098; -3.06187
Site information
ConditionPartially demolished
Site history
Built1906-7
MaterialsConcrete

Crosby Battery, also known as Crosby Point Battery and Fort Crosby, was an artillery battery situated between Crosby and Hightown in Lancashire, United Kingdom. The battery was used for port defence and anti-aircraft defence during WWII.[1][2] Until 1928 Crosby Battery worked in conjunction with the nearby Seaforth Battery.

History[edit]

ATS girls and gun crews of 177 Heavy Battery Royal Artillery rush to 'take post' at Fort Crosby near Liverpool, England. This training operation formed part of British preparations to repel the threatened German invasion of 1940 (IWM H2696)

Crosby Battery was built on the sand dunes north of Crosby between March 1906 and October 1907.[3] The structure came with three gun emplacements, which were 40 yards (37 m) apart, with ammunition kept underneath the positions. The original complement of guns were two 6 inches (150 mm) breech-loading Mark VII guns,[4][5] which were the same as those installed at nearby Fort Perch Rock, on the opposite side of the mouth of the River Mersey. Behind the positions were two barracks and soldiers' quarters. Around the battery was an observation post, a signal station, an officers' hut, caretaker's accommodation, a bath house, a workshop. An engine room, with coastal spotlights, was built later. The battery was given the designation S0011771.[citation needed]

The battery was the headquarters for the Lancashire and Cheshire Heavy Brigade, Royal Artillery (TF).[4] On the outbreak of the First World War Fort Crosby, Seaforth Battery and Fort Perch Rock were responsible for the defence of the River Mersey. By the Second World War the defences of the Mersey comprised two 6-inch guns at Crosby Battery and two 6-inch guns at Fort Perch Rock. Fort Crosby received a naval 4-inch Breech loading (BL) gun, which was mounted on the right flank of the battery.

After the Second World War, the Territorial Army used the area, until 1954. The base was subsequently closed in 1957 on the dissolution of coast artillery in the United Kingdom announced in 1956.[6]

After permission was given for a housing development at Hightown, the Ministry of Defence sold the battery, in 1963, including 417 acres (169 hectares) of foreshore.[7] Many of the buildings were demolished, following this, in 1967.[7] However, the site of the battery still exists, as the site was not fully built on. Though, it was stated as being in poor condition, in 2000.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liverpool and Merseyside Remembered Accessed 2014-02-07
  2. ^ Burns, Alison (2015). "Forgotten Fort Crosby: Dune Heritage Revealed". Sefton Coast Landscape Partnership. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  3. ^ Stevenson, Ian, 2010. The Defences of the Mersey, Redan:Journal of the Palmerston Forts Society, Gosport, p110
  4. ^ a b Geocaching, Fort Crosby Accessed 2014-02-07
  5. ^ Pastscape, Crosby Point Battery Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 2014-02-07
  6. ^ An Archaeological Assessment of the Hightown Dunes, Dune Restoration Works Proposals[permanent dead link] Accessed 2014-02-07
  7. ^ a b c Sefton Coast Partnership, Coastal Heritage Accessed 2014-02-07

Bibliography[edit]

  • McCarron, Ken (1991). Fort Perch Rock and the Defence of the Mersey. Countryvise Ltd. ISBN 978-0951612910. Merseyside Portfolios.