Cross-country skiing at the 1984 Winter Paralympics

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Cross-country skiing
at the III Paralympic Winter Games
Cross-country skiing - Paralympic pictogram.svg
1980
1988

Cross-country skiing at the 1984 Winter Paralympics consisted of 35 events, 23 for men and 12 for women.

Medal table[edit]

[1]

Rank Nation Gold medal blank.svg Silver medal blank.svg Bronze medal blank.svg Total
1  Finland (FIN) 12 9 6 27
2  Austria (AUT) 8 8 5 21
3  Norway (NOR) 6 3 2 11
4  West Germany (FRG) 3 8 2 13
5  Poland (POL) 3 2 4 9
6  France (FRA) 2 0 0 2
7  Sweden (SWE) 1 1 4 6
8  Switzerland (SUI) 0 3 9 12
9  United States (USA) 0 1 0 1
10  Great Britain (GBR) 0 0 1 1
Total 35 35 33 103

Medal summary[edit]

The competition events were:

  • 2.5 km: - women
  • 5 km: men - women
  • 10 km: men - women
  • 20 km: men
  • 3x2.5 km relay: men
  • 3x5 km relay: - women
  • 4x5 km relay: men - women
  • 4x10 km relay: men

Each event had separate standing, sitting, or visually impaired classifications:

  • LW2 - standing: single leg amputation above the knee
  • LW 3 - standing: double leg amputation below the knee, mild cerebral palsy, or equivalent impairment
  • LW4 - standing: single leg amputation below the knee
  • LW5/7 - standing: double arm amputation
  • LW6/8 - standing: single arm amputation
  • LW9 - standing: amputation or equivalent impairment of one arm and one leg
  • Gr I - sitting: paraplegia with no or some upper abdominal function and no functional sitting balance
  • Gr II - sitting: paraplegia with fair functional sitting balance
  • B1 - visually impaired: no functional vision
  • B2 - visually impaired: up to ca 3-5% functional vision

Men's events[edit]

Event Class Gold Silver Bronze
5 km - short distance Gr I
details
Reinhold Sager
 Austria
Adolf Stuber
 West Germany
Peter Gilomen
 Switzerland
Gr II
details
Georg Freund
 Austria
Siegwald Mussger
 Austria
Josef Dietziker
 Switzerland
LW2
details
Pertti Sankilampi
 Finland
Samuli Kaemi
 Finland
Ari Mustonen
 Finland
LW3
details
Marianne Niedzwiadek
 Poland
Kazimierz Wyszowski
 Poland
Czeslav Kwiatkowski
 Poland
LW4
details
Veikko Jantunen
 Finland
Svein Lilleberg
 Norway
Reinhold Schwer
 West Germany
LW5/7
details
Pierre Delaval
 France
Frank Rawiel
 West Germany
Horst Morokutti
 Austria
LW9
details
Ludwig Wagner
 West Germany
Armin Arnold
 Switzerland
Peter Kieweg
 Austria
10 km - short distance B1
details
Hans Anton Aalien
 Norway
Martti Juntunen
 Finland
Peter Young
 Great Britain
B2
details
Terje Loevaas
 Norway
Gorm Borgersen
 Norway
Morten Langeroed
 Norway
LW6/8
details
Jouko Grip
 Finland
Kimmo Kettunen
 Finland
Heikki Miettinen
 Finland
10 km - middle distance B1
details
Hans Anton Aalien
 Norway
Martti Juntunen
 Finland
Mauno Sulisalo
 Finland
B2
details
Terje Loevaas
 Norway
Morten Langeroed
 Norway
Gorm Borgersen
 Norway
Gr I
details
Reinhold Sager
 Austria
Adolf Stuber
 West Germany
Heinz Frei
 Switzerland
Gr II
details
Georg Freund
 Austria
Siegwald Mussger
 Austria
Josef Dietziker
 Switzerland
LW2
details
Samuli Kaemi
 Finland
Pertti Sankilampi
 Finland
Tauno Seppaenen
 Finland
LW3
details
Marianne Niedzwiadek
 Poland
Kazimierz Wyszowski
 Poland
Czeslav Kwiatkowski
 Poland
LW4
details
Svein Lilleberg
 Norway
Reinhold Schwer
 West Germany
Veikko Jantunen
 Finland
LW5/7
details
Pierre Delaval
 France
Horst Morokutti
 Austria
Frank Rawiel
 West Germany
LW9
details
Ludwig Wagner
 West Germany
Armin Arnold
 Switzerland
Peter Kieweg
 Austria
20 km - middle distance LW6/8
details
Jouko Grip
 Finland
Theo Feger
 West Germany
Rune Karlsson
 Sweden
3×2.5 km relay Gr I-II
details
 Austria (AUT)
Hermann Gaun
Josef Siebenhofer
Reinhold Wessely
 Austria (AUT)
Hermann Gaun
Josef Siebenhofer
Reinhold Wessely
 Switzerland (SUI)
Josef Dietziker
Heinz Frei
Peter Gilomen
4×5 km relay LW2-9
details
 Finland (FIN)
Samuli Kaemi
Lauri Moilanen
Pertti Sankilampi
Erkki Seppaenen
 Finland (FIN)
Samuli Kaemi
Lauri Moilanen
Pertti Sankilampi
Erkki Seppaenen
 Sweden (SWE)
Allan Danielsson
Kent Engstroem
Rune Karlsson
Bertil Lundmark
4×10 km relay B1-2
details
 Norway (NOR)
Hans Anton Aalien
Gorm Borgersen
Terje Loevaas
Olai Myklebust
 Finland (FIN)
Ismo Alanko
Martti Juntunen
Mauno Sulisalo
Teuvo Talmia
 Sweden (SWE)
Yngve Eriksson
Ove Karlsson
Ake Pettersson
George Witthof

Women's events[edit]

Event Class Gold Silver Bronze
2.5 km - short distance Gr II
details
Hildegard Fetz
 Austria
Johanna Ratzinger
 Austria
Karoline Pavlicek
 Switzerland
5 km - short distance B1
details
Kirsti Pennanen
 Finland
Margret Heger
 Austria
Marianne Edfeldt
 Sweden
B2
details
Kyllikki Luhtapuro
 Finland
Desiree Johansson
 Sweden
Tarja Hovinen
 Finland
LW4
details
Liisa Maekelae
 Finland
Anneliese Tenzler
 West Germany
Monika Waelti
 Switzerland
LW6/8
details
Alli Hatva
 Finland
Dorothea Neuweiler
 West Germany
Barbara Chmielecka
 Poland
5 km - middle distance Gr II
details
Hildegard Fetz
 Austria
Johanna Ratzinger
 Austria
Karoline Pavlicek
 Switzerland
10 km - middle distance B1
details
Kirsti Pennanen
 Finland
Margret Heger
 Austria
Doris Campbell
 Austria
B2
details
Desiree Johansson
 Sweden
Kyllikki Luhtapuro
 Finland
Renata Hoenisch
 Austria
LW4
details
Anneliese Tenzler
 West Germany
Liisa Maekelae
 Finland
Monika Waelti
 Switzerland
LW6/8
details
Alli Hatva
 Finland
Dorothea Neuweiler
 West Germany
Barbara Chmielecka
 Poland
3×5 km relay LW2-9
details
 Poland (POL)
Barbara Chmielecka
Jolanta Kochanaowska
Henryka Sadowska
 Switzerland (SUI)
Heidi Aviolat
Monika Waelti
Yvonne Wyssen
None
4×5 km relay B1-2
details
 Austria (AUT)
Doris Campbell
Margret Heger
Renata Hoenisch
Marianne Kriegl
 United States (USA)
Barbara Lewis
Laura Oftedahl
Jean Parker
Billie Ruth Schlank
None

See also[edit]

References[edit]