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Cross-dominance, also known as mixed-handedness, hand confusion, or mixed dominance, is a motor skill manifestation in which a person favors one hand for some tasks and the other hand for others, or a hand and the contralateral leg. For example, a cross-dominant person might write with the left hand and do everything else with the right one, or manage and kick a ball preferentially with the left leg.[1][2][3]

Overall, being mixed handed seems to result in better performance than being strongly handed for sports such as basketball, ice hockey, and field hockey. What these sports have in common is that they require active body movements and also an ability to respond to either side. The situation is reversed for racquet sports such as tennis. Individuals with crossed hand-eye preference seem to be much better at gymnastics, running, and basketball because of the way in which congruent and crossed sided individuals position their bodies.

— Stanley Coren, The Left-Hander Syndrome, Chapter 3

It can also refer to mixed laterality, which refers to a person favoring eyes, ears, feet, or hands on one side of the body. A person who is cross-dominant can also be stronger on the opposite side of the body to that they favor; for example, a right-handed person can be stronger on the left side. Cross-dominance can often be a problem when shooting or in activities that require aim, although athletes can still achieve success in sports that require accuracy, like passing in American football and shooting in basketball.[citation needed]

In baseball


In baseball a left-handed batter is about two steps closer to first base than a right-handed batter, one important advantage.[4] Because curveballs and sliders – the most commonly used breaking pitches in the game – curve in the direction of a pitcher's non-throwing hand, a batter who bats opposite the pitcher's throwing hand enjoys an advantage. Since most pitchers are right-handed, left-handed batters enjoy a second advantage over their right-handed counterparts.[4] However, right-handed throwing is more valuable in the infield. Every fielding position can be played by a right-handed thrower, although left-handers are considered more valuable pitchers and have a slight advantage at first base owing to the fact that they do not have to turn around to place their foot on first when stretching to catch a throw, and because their gloved hand is closer to the runner on pick-off plays. Conversely, left-handed throwers are almost completely absent at the highest level at the other infield positions and at catcher.[5][6] Switch hitting exists so a batter can hit from the side opposite every pitcher's throwing arm, but it has gained some criticism because a batter will always be more dominant from one side of the plate than the other; the switch hitter may be less reliable from one side. So, many baseball players are trained to be simply cross-dominant, batting solely left-handed and throwing solely right-handed.[7] There are a few position players, such as Rickey Henderson and Cleon Jones, who bat right and throw left, but this serves as a substantial disadvantage. Henderson batted right despite his natural inclination to do so left-handed only because he was taught to do so by right-handed teammates.[8]

See also



  1. ^ Bache, M.A.B.; Naranjo, J. (2014). "Lateralidad y rendimiento deportivo". Arch. Med. Dep. 31 (161): 200–204. ISSN 0212-8799.
  2. ^ "Right, Left, Right, Wrong! - What is Handedness?". www.rightleftrightwrong.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Differences Between Left Handed, Mixed Handed and Ambidextrous". southpawessentials.com/. Archived from the original on 3 January 2022. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  4. ^ a b "The advantage of batting left handed". Archived from the original on 13 March 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  5. ^ Walsh, John (6 April 2006). "Top 10 left-handed catchers for 2006". The Hardball Times. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  6. ^ Schwarz, Alan (15 August 2009). "Left-handed and left out". New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Article on the advantage of cross-dominance in baseball, including statistics". Archived from the original on 11 April 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Bats: Right Throws: Left". Archived from the original on 16 April 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChambers, Ephraim, ed. (1728). Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (1st ed.). James and John Knapton, et al. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)