Cross Hill, South Carolina

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Cross Hill, South Carolina
Main Street (SC 39)
Main Street (SC 39)
Location of Cross Hill, South Carolina
Location of Cross Hill, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°18′37″N 81°59′3″W / 34.31028°N 81.98417°W / 34.31028; -81.98417Coordinates: 34°18′37″N 81°59′3″W / 34.31028°N 81.98417°W / 34.31028; -81.98417
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyLaurens
Area
 • Total3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2)
 • Land3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
584 ft (178 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total507
 • Density194.5/sq mi (75.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29332
Area code(s)864
FIPS code45-17890[1]
GNIS feature ID1247433[2]

Cross Hill is a town in Laurens County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 507 at the 2010 census. It is part of the GreenvilleMauldinEasley Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Cross Hill developed around the intersection of two old Indian trails. The Carter family constructed an inn at the intersection of these two trails in 1795. By 1837, the community that developed around the inn was known as "Cross Hill." The town expanded with the arrival of the Georgia, Carolina and Northern Railway in 1890, and officially incorporated that same year.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

Cross Hill is located at 34°18′37″N 81°59′3″W / 34.31028°N 81.98417°W / 34.31028; -81.98417 (34.310186, -81.984188).[5] The town is concentrated around the intersection of South Carolina Highway 39 and South Carolina Highway 560, northeast of Greenwood. Lake Greenwood lies just to the west. South Carolina Highway 72 passes through the town's northern outskirts.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880149
189021645.0%
1900459112.5%
191055821.6%
19205875.2%
193067815.5%
1940525−22.6%
19505433.4%
1960441−18.8%
197057931.3%
19806044.3%
1990469−22.4%
200060128.1%
2010507−15.6%
Est. 2018501[6]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 601 people, 224 households, and 165 families residing in the town. The population density was 194.5 people per square mile (75.1/km2). There were 245 housing units at an average density of 79.3 per square mile (30.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 42.60% White, 55.57% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.50% Asian, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population.

There were 224 households, out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 24.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,083, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $25,288 versus $18,846 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,688. About 16.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.8% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Jennifer Revels, "Historical and Architectural Survey of Eastern Laurens County, South Carolina," 2003, pp. 20, 43.
  4. ^ "Communities". Laurens County Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

External links[edit]