Cross of Saint James
In heraldry, the Cross of Saint James, also called the Santiago cross or the cruz espada, is a charge in the form of a cross. It combines a cross fitchy (the lower limb is pointed, as if to be driven into the ground) with either a cross fleury (the arms end in fleurs-de-lys) or a cross moline (the ends of the arms are forked and rounded).
Most notably, a red Cross of Saint James with flourished arms, surmounted with an escallop, was the emblem of the twelfth-century Spanish military Order of Santiago, named after Saint James the Greater. It is also used as a decorative element on the Tarta de Santiago, a traditional Galician sweet.
- Media related to Cross of Saint James at Wikimedia Commons
- Davies, Nikolas; Jokiniemi, Erkki (2012). Dictionary of Architecture and Building Construction. Routledge. p. 104. ISBN 9781136410253.
Cross of St James: a cross moline with a pointed base
- Berry, William (1828). Encyclopaedia Heraldica Or Complete Dictionary of Heraldry, Volume 1. Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper. p. 177.
Cross of St. James is a red sword, formed at the hilt like a cross flory and charged with an escallop.
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