Cross of the Angels
|Cross of the Angels|
|Spanish: Cruz de los Ángeles|
|Dimensions||46.5 cm × 45.7 cm × 2.5 cm (18.3 in × 18.0 in × 0.98 in)|
|Location||Cámara Santa, Oviedo|
The Cross of the Angels (Asturian: Cruz de los Ánxeles) (Spanish: Cruz de los Ángeles) is a pre-romanesque Asturian reliquary donated by Alfonso II of Asturias in the year 808 to the Church of San Salvador in Oviedo, Asturias (Spain). The Cross of the Angels is the symbol of the city of Oviedo
The cross is the first example of jewelry made in the Kingdom of Asturias that has reached our days. Its current appearance is the result of careful reconstruction carried out after the damages the cross underwent in August 1977 after the robbery of the Camara Santa . Its squared dimensions (46.5 centimetres (18.3 in), 45.7 centimetres (18.0 in) wide and 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) thick) are typical from Greek crosses. The cross is formed by two pieces of cedar wood with, at the center, a round disc.
The donation is usually interpreted as a sign of gratitude of the monarch after being restored to the throne, after the years of his incarceration in the monastery of Abelania.
Veneration of the True Cross in the Kingdom of Asturias
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|“||Permanezca Esto Gratamente Acogido En Honor De Dios.Alfonso, Humilde Esclavo De Cristo, Lo Ofrece. Con Este Signo Se Protege Al Piadoso, Con Este Signo Se Vence Al Enemigo. Quien Se Atreviera A Arrebatarme, Excepto Donde Mi Libre Voluntad Me Dejare, Sea Muerto Por El Rayo Divino. Esta Obra Fue Acabada En La Era 846 ||”|
Symbol of the City of Oviedo
The Cross of the Angels became the symbol of the city of Oviedo around the 15th century, although it is said that even earlier, in 1262, it was used as a seal of the city. This is reflected in an engraving in the old city walls where the cross, with the Greek letters alpha and omega hanging of his arms, is used as a sign of consecration. Nowadays, the cross is present in the coat of arms of both the city of Oviedo and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Oviedo.
- 808 in today's calendary
- Schlunk, Helmut (1985). Las cruces de Oviedo : el culto de la vera cruz en el reino asturiano (in Spanish). Oviedo: Instituto de Estudios Asturianos (Oviedo, Spain). ISBN 84-505-1324-3. OCLC 20256995.
- Williams, Leonard (1907). "Gold, silver, and jewel work. Iron-work". The arts and crafts of older Spain. 1. London: T. N. Foulis.
- Fernández Somoza, Gloria (2004). La Cruz de los Ángeles de la catedral de Oviedo (in Spanish). Oviedo: Hércules Astur. ISBN 84-86723-40-X.
- González, García; Vicente, José (1979). La Cámara Santa y su tesoro (in Spanish). Oviedo: Principado de Asturias. ISBN 84-300-1192-7.
- Universidad de Oviedo (2002). La restauración de las joyas históricas de la Cámara Santa de Oviedo : 1977-1997 (in Spanish). Oviedo: Alvízoras. ISBN 84-86889-92-8. OCLC 166521733.
- The Art of medieval Spain, A.D. 500-1200, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Cross of the Angels (no. 72)