TfL Rail train at Forest Gate in 2015
|Owner||Transport for London|
|Locale||Greater London and Essex|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|No. of lines||1|
|No. of stations||14|
|Began operation||31 May 2015|
|Operator(s)||MTR Corporation (Crossrail) Ltd|
|System length||20 miles 16 chains (32.5 km)|
TfL Rail is a commuter railway route in London and the home county of Essex that currently serves the 14 stations on the Great Eastern Main Line between Liverpool Street, in the City of London, and Shenfield.
TfL Rail took control of the Liverpool Street to Shenfield "metro" service in May 2015. In May 2018 Heathrow Connect services between Paddington and the airport and the Heathrow Express shuttle from Heathrow Central to Terminal 4 will also come under TfL Rail operation. TfL Rail will then be re-branded as the Elizabeth line in December 2018, when the central underground section of the route opens.
Between opening in May 2015 and the end of the 2015/2016 period TfL Rail carried over 38 million passengers. 
In June 2013 TfL announced that Arriva, MTR Corporation, Keolis/Go-Ahead Group and National Express Group had been shortlisted to bid for the concession to operate Crossrail, which was under construction.
MTR Corporation (Crossrail) Ltd was created as a new train operating company and took control of the "metro" service between Liverpool Street and Shenfield from the previous operator, Abellio Greater Anglia, in May 2015. The existing Class 315 trains were re-painted in the TfL Rail livery, and appropriate branding, advertising and message boards were added at the 14 stations along the line. Every station is also staffed from first train to last of the day.
TfL Rail utilises the existing 20 miles 16 chains (32.5 km) of track on the Great Eastern Main Line between Liverpool Street and Shenfield. The future Crossrail route will retain most of the use of this track, except the portion between Liverpool Street and Stratford, where trains will use new underground tunnels to connect to the central section of the route.
The 14 stations on TfL Rail are:
|Station||Zone||Local authority||Interchange||Managed by|
|Liverpool Street||1||City of London||Network Rail|
|Forest Gate||3||Newham||TfL Rail|
|Manor Park||3/4||Newham||TfL Rail|
|Seven Kings||4||Redbridge||TfL Rail|
|Chadwell Heath||5||Barking & Dagenham||TfL Rail|
|Gidea Park||6||Havering||TfL Rail|
|Harold Wood||6||Havering||TfL Rail|
|Shenfield||C||Brentwood||Abellio Greater Anglia|
The typical Monday-Saturday off-peak service pattern is:
- 6 trains per hour (tph) from Liverpool Street to Shenfield, calling at all intermediate stations;
- 6 tph from Shenfield to Liverpool Street, calling at all intermediate stations.
During peak times, service frequency is increased and calling patterns vary, with some stations omitted on certain services.
On Sundays there are typically two trains per hour between Liverpool Street and Shenfield and two trains per hour between Liverpool Street and Gidea Park.
The schedule of the handover of services on the Crossrail route is as follows:
|Stage 0||May 2015||Existing services between Liverpool Street (main line station) and Shenfield transferred from Abellio Greater Anglia to TfL Rail|
|Stage 1||May 2017||New Class 345 trains brought into service|
|Stage 2||May 2018||Existing services between Paddington (main line station) and Heathrow Terminal 4 transferred from Heathrow Connect to TfL Rail, as well as shuttle services between Heathrow Central and Heathrow Terminal 4 transferred from Heathrow Express to TfL Rail|
|Stage 3||December 2018||Services between Paddington (Crossrail station) and Abbey Wood begin; route rebranded as Elizabeth line|
|Stage 4||May 2019||Services between Paddington (Crossrail station) and Shenfield via Liverpool Street (Crossrail station) begin; limited services retained between Liverpool Street (main line station) and Gidea Park|
|Stage 5||December 2019||Full route opens, linking Abbey Wood and Shenfield to Heathrow Airport via Paddington, and existing services between Reading and Paddington transferred to Crossrail and extended to Abbey Wood and Shenfield|
|Class||Image||Type||Top speed||Carriages||Number||Routes operated||Built||Years in operation|
|Class 315||EMU||75||120||4||44||Liverpool Street to Shenfield||1980–81||2015–present|
|Class 345 Aventra||EMU||90||145||9||66||Reading and Heathrow Airport to Abbey Wood and Shenfield||2015–18||From May 2017|
- MTR Corporation Named as Preferred Operator for Crossrail, London’s Brand New 21st Century Rail Service "MTR Corporation" 18 July 2014
- "MTR Crossrail - Crossrail Rolling Stock".
- Smith, Howard. "Crossrail – Moving to the Operating Railway Rail and Underground Panel 12 February 2015" (PDF). 12 February 2015. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
- Jobson, Robert (23 February 2016). "Crossrail named the Elizabeth line: Royal title unveiled as the Queen visits Bond Street station". Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
- . Transport for London https://tfl.gov.uk/corporate/about-tfl/what-we-do/tfl-rail. Retrieved 22 February 2017. Missing or empty
- TfL announces shortlist of bidders to run Crossrail services Crossrail 25 June 2013
- Crossrail shortlist reveals four contenders Rail News 25 June 2013
- TfL announces MTR to run Crossrail services Crossrail 18 July 2014
- MTR Corporation wins £1.4 billion contract to run Crossrail services Rail Technology Magazine 18 July 2014
- Crossrail (25 August 2015). "Eastern section". Crossrail. London.
- Hayes, Simon (19 April 2011). "Crossrail will leave a positive legacy says chairman". The Wharf. London. Archived from the original on March 15, 2012.
- Crossrail rolling stock and depot contract to be awarded to Bombardier Department for Transport 6 February 2014
- Bombardier wins Crossrail train contract Railway Gazette 6 February 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to TfL Rail.|
- "Crossrail". Crossrail. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Transport for London". Transport for London. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
Abellio Greater Anglia
Greater Anglia franchise
31 May 2015
|Operated by MTR Crossrail
2015 – 2023
Great Western Railway
Greater Western franchise
Heathrow Airport Holdings & Great Western Railway
from May 2018