Crotalus intermedius

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Crotalus intermedius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Crotalus
Species: C. intermedius
Binomial name
Crotalus intermedius
Troschel, 1865
Crotalus intermedius distribution.png
  • Crotalus intermedius Troschel In Müller, 1865
  • Crotalus intermedius
    – Fischer, 1881
  • Sistrurus intermedius
    Garman, 1884
  • Crotalus intermedius intermedius
    Klauber, 1952[2]
Common name: Mexican small-headed rattlesnake[3]

Crotalus intermedius is a venomous pit viper species found in central and southern Mexico. Three subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here.[4]


This species grows to lengths of 50 to 60 cm (20 to 24 in). Males are somewhat larger than females. Klauber (1972) gives a maximum length of 57 cm (22 in), although captive specimens may grow larger.[3]

Geographic range[edit]

This snake is found in central and southern Mexico, more specifically in southeastern Hidalgo, southern Tlaxcala, northeastern and south-central Puebla, west-central Veracruz, Oaxaca (in the Sierra Juárez, Cerro San Filipe and the surrounding mountains, Sierra de Cuatro Venados, Sierra Madre del Sur, and the Sierra de Mihuatlán), and in Guerrero (in the Sierra Madre del Sur, west of Chilpancingo). A type locality was not given in the original paper, but "Mexico" is inferred from the title.[2] Smith and Taylor (1950) restricted it to "El Limón, Totalco, Veracruz, Mexico".[3]


Much of the range of this species consists of seasonally dry pine-oak forest, but it has also been found in cloud forest near Omilteme in Guerrero, as well as in the desert near Cacaloapan in Puebla, and Pachuca in Hidalgo.[1][3] It is found at elevations between 2,000 and 3,200 m.[2]

Conservation status[edit]

This species is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List (v3.1, 2001).[1] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because they are unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. The population trend was stable when assessed in 2007.[5]


Subspecies[4] Taxon author[4] Common name[6] Geographic range[3]
C. i. intermedius Troschel, 1865 Totalcan small-headed rattlesnake Mexico, in southeastern Hidalgo, northeastern Puebla, west-central Veracruz, and southwestern Tlaxcala, type locality: "El Limón, Totalco, Veracruz, Mexico"
C. i. gloydi Taylor, 1941 Oaxacan small-headed rattlesnake South, central, and northern Oaxaca, and central Puebla, type locality: "Cero San Filipe (elevation 10,000 ft) near [15 km northwest of] Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico"
C. i. omiltemanus Günther, 1895 Omilteman small-headed rattlesnake Guerrero, several areas west of Chilpancingo, type locality: "Mexico, Omilteme in Guerrero"

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Canseco-Márquez, L.; Campbell, J.A.; Ponce-Campos, P.; Muñoz-Alonso, A.; García Aguayo, A (2007). "Crotalus intermedius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  3. ^ a b c d e Campbell JA, Lamar WW. 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca and London. 870 pp. 1500 plates. ISBN 0-8014-4141-2.
  4. ^ a b c "Crotalus intermedius". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  5. ^ 2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1) at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 13 September 2007.
  6. ^ Klauber LM. 1997. Rattlesnakes: Their Habitats, Life Histories, and Influence on Mankind. Second Edition. First published in 1956, 1972. University of California Press, Berkeley. ISBN 0-520-21056-5.

Further reading[edit]

  • Troschel, F.H. 1865. in Müller, Johann Wilhelm. 1865. Reisen in den Vereinigten Staaten, Canada und Mexiko. III. Beiträge zur Geschichte, Statistik und Zoologie von Mexiko. Dritte Abtheilung. Die Wirbelthiere Mexikos. III. Amphibia. Brockhaus. Leipzig. xiv + 643 pp.

External links[edit]