Crow River (Minnesota)

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Crow River
Karishon
South Fork Crow River.jpg
channelized section of the South Fork of the Crow River near Cosmos in Meeker County
Crow mnrivermap.png
Map of the Crow River watershed.
Crow River (Minnesota) is located in Minnesota
Crow River (Minnesota)
Mouth of the Crow River
Native nameKhaŋǧí Šúŋ Wakpa (Dakota)
Location
CountryUnited States
StateMinnesota
CountyHennepin County, Wright County
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of North Fork Crow River and South Fork Crow River
 • locationRockford
 • coordinates45°04′53″N 93°45′45″W / 45.0813519°N 93.7624663°W / 45.0813519; -93.7624663
MouthMississippi River
 • location
Dayton and Otsego
 • coordinates
45°14′45″N 93°31′21″W / 45.2457984°N 93.5224579°W / 45.2457984; -93.5224579Coordinates: 45°14′45″N 93°31′21″W / 45.2457984°N 93.5224579°W / 45.2457984; -93.5224579
Discharge 
 • locationmouth
 • average1,166.56 cu ft/s (33.033 m3/s) (estimate)[1]

The Crow River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in south-central Minnesota in the United States. It drains a watershed of 2,756 square miles (7,140 km2).[2]

Name[edit]

The earliest record of the name for Crow River is "Karishon River", reflecting the Dakota language Khaŋǧí Šúŋ Watpá (now Wakpá), meaning "The Large Wing-feather of the Crow River". In other documents, this was translated as "Crow Wing River", or by its Ojibwe language name "Undeg-sipi" (from Aandego-ziibi), meaning "Crow River". Early explorers recorded the name of this river in various ways: "Goose River" by Jonathan Carver, "Rook's River" by Giacomo Beltrami, and as "Karishon or Crow River" by Joseph Nicollet.[3] The North Fork of the Crow River was named by the Ojibwe Indians for the bird they called the "marauder of newly planted corn."[4]

Hydrography[edit]

The Crow River flows for most of its length as three streams:

  • The North Fork Crow River, 157.5 miles (253.4 km) long,[5] flows from Grove Lake in eastern Pope County and follows a generally east-southeastward course through southwestern Stearns, northeastern Kandiyohi, northern Meeker and central Wright counties, through Rice Lake and Lake Koronis and past the towns of Regal, Paynesville and Kingston. A minor headwaters tributary of the North Fork is named the Skunk River. The average discharge of the North Fork Crow River, based on data gathered at the USGS station at Paynesville, and data gathered at the USGS station on the Middle Fork Crow River at Spicer (the North Fork is measured above where the Middle Fork flows in), is 173 cubic feet per second.[6] See below for the link to the Spicer station.
  • The Middle Fork Crow River, 45.1 miles (72.6 km) long,[5] rises near Belgrade in southwestern Stearns County and flows into Kandiyohi County, initially southward through Mud Lake and Nest Lake and past the town of New London, eastward through Green Lake and Calhoun Lake and into northern Meeker County, where it joins the North Fork. At Spicer, the river measures approximately 67 cubic feet per second.[6]
  • The South Fork Crow River, 116.0 miles (186.7 km) long,[5] flows from Wakanda and Little Kandiyohi lakes in south-central Kandiyohi County and follows a generally eastward course through southwestern Meeker, northern McLeod, northwestern Carver and southeastern Wright counties, past the towns of Cosmos, Hutchinson, Lester Prairie, Mayer, Watertown and Delano. Portions of the South Fork's upper course have been heavily straightened and channelized. At Mayer, the river has a mean annual discharge of 259 cubic feet per second.[7]

The north and south forks converge at Rockford to form the Crow River, which flows for 24.8 miles (39.9 km) northeastward to the Mississippi River.[5] The river's course is used to define the boundary between Wright and Hennepin counties.

The Crow flows through Greenfield, Hanover, St. Michael, Otsego and Dayton; it enters the Mississippi River from the south at the common boundary between Otsego and Dayton.

Landscape[edit]

The Crow River, North Fork flows southeast from Lake Koronis for about 125 miles until it joins the Mississippi River at Dayton. The roughly 40 mile stretch from upstream of Rockford to the Mississippi is considered to be the best for canoeing. Upstream from Buffalo, you will encounter more challenging paddling due to sandy, erodible banks and fast-growing silver maples that frequently fall and block the river. In this stretch, you may see more wildlife, but you have to work harder to get around numerous obstacles.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Environmental Protection Agency. "Watershed Report: Crow River". WATERS GeoViewer. Archived from the original on 2021-09-06. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Crow River
  3. ^ Pike, Zebulon Montgomery (1895). "The expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike, to headwaters of the Mississippi River, through Louisiana Territory, and in New Spain, during the years 1805-6-7".
  4. ^ "North Fork Crow River". Minnesota DNR.
  5. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, accessed November 29, 2012
  6. ^ a b "Water Data". USGS.
  7. ^ "Water Data". USGS.
  8. ^ "North Fork Crow River". Minnesota Department of Natural Resources]].

External links[edit]