Crown Prince Hyomyeong

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Yi Yeong,
Crown Prince Hyomyeong
이영 효명세자
Half-burnt portrait of Crown Prince Hyomyeong
Regent of Joseon
Tenure17 January 1827 - 6 May 1830
PredecessorGrand Heir Yi San
SuccessorQueen Sunwon
MonarchSunjo of Joseon
Crown Prince of Joseon
Tenure6 July 1812 - 6 May 1830
PredecessorCrown Prince Yi Gong
SuccessorCrown Prince Yi Cheok
Born18 September 1809
Daejojeon, Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
Died25 June 1830 (1830-06-26) (aged 20)
Huijeongdang, Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon
SpouseQueen Sinjeong
IssueHeonjong of Joseon
HouseHouse of Yi
FatherSunjo of Joseon
MotherQueen Sunwon
Crown Prince Hyomyeong
Hangul
효명세자
Hanja
孝明世子
Revised RomanizationHyomyeong Seja
McCune–ReischauerHyomyŏng Seja
Birth name
Hangul
이영
Hanja
李旲
Revised RomanizationYi Yeong
McCune–ReischauerYi Yŏng

Crown Prince Hyomyeong (18 September 1809 – 25 June 1830), born Yi Yeong, and posthumously honored as King Munjo, was a member of the Joseon Dynasty.

Life and death[edit]

The prince was the eldest son of King Sunjo, husband of Queen Sinjeong and father of King Heonjong.[1]

In 1817, the prince was admitted to the Sungkyunkwan. In 1819, he was titled Crown Prince of Joseon. A genius in literature and the arts, he created several court dances (정재) and used court ritual and the arts to validate and augment the King's control over the government.

Hyomyeong first became active in politics when he was only 17, due to his father being ill. Known to have pursued various political reforms, the prince served as Regent in 1827 until his death 3 years later at age 20.[2]

He did have some enemies amongst his maternal relatives, but avoided nepotism and was a talented writer, composer and choreographer.

Legacy[edit]

The prince was commemorated in an album of six scenes created to celebrate the commencement of his learning at the Songgyungwan, one of a number of documentary paintings (gungjung girokhwa) of the Joseon dynasty.[3]

Among 53 Joseon jeongjaes (정재) or court dances which remain, 26 are his works. His "Chunaengjeon" (Dance of the Spring Nightingale) is the best known and most beloved traditional court dance for its gentle and poetic movements. He was one of the most important people in Korean Court ritual history, along with King Sejong.

His full posthumous name[edit]

Crown Prince Hyomyeong has the longest posthumous name for a member of nobility of Korea.

  • English: Crown Prince Chewon Chanhwa Seokgeuk Jeongmyeong Seongheon Yeongcheol Yeseong Yeon-gyeong Yungdeok Sun-gong Dokhyu Hong-gyeong Hong-un Seongryeol Seon-gwang Junsang Yoheum Sun-gong U-geun Tangjeong Gyecheon Geontong Sinhun Geondae Gonhu Gwang-up Yeongjo Jang-ui Changryun Haeng-geon Baenyeong Gitae Suyu Huibeom Changhui Ipgyeong Hyeongdo Seongheon Sojang Goeng-yu Sinhwi Suseo Ubok Donmun Hyeonmu In-ui Hyomyeong the Great[citation needed]
  • Hangul: 체원찬화석극정명성헌영철예성연경융덕순공독휴홍경홍운성렬선광준상요흠순공우근탕정계천건통신훈숙모건대곤후광업영조장의창륜행건배녕기태수유희범창희입경형도성헌소장굉유신휘수서우복돈문현무인의효명대왕
  • Hanja: 體元贊化錫極定命聖憲英哲睿誠淵敬隆德純功篤休弘慶洪運盛烈宣光濬祥堯欽舜恭禹勤湯正啓天建通神勳肅謨乾大坤厚廣業永祚莊義彰倫行健配寧基泰垂裕熙範昌禧立經亨道成獻昭章宏猷愼徽綏緖佑福敦文顯武仁懿孝明大王

Family[edit]

  1. Queen Sinjeong of the Pungyang Jo clan (21 January 1809 - 4 June 1890) (신정왕후 조씨)
    1. King Heonjong of Joseon (8 September 1827 – 25 July 1849) (조선 헌종)

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "효명세자". National Culture. Archived from the original on 2016-04-05.
  2. ^ "18살에 급서한 효명세자 '문조'로 거한 대우를 받다". Donga Weekly.
  3. ^ "동궐도에 숨어있는 효명세자에 대한 배려". Kyobo Story.