Crown Street railway station
An 1833 engraving of Crown Street, the original Liverpool terminus of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway
|Original company||Liverpool and Manchester Railway|
|Pre-grouping||London and North Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||London, Midland and Scottish Railway|
|15 September 1830||Opened|
|1836||Closed to passenger traffic|
|1972||Closed to freight traffic|
|Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom|
|Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
|UK Railways portal|
Crown Street Station was a passenger railway terminal station located on Crown Street, Liverpool, England. The station was the world's first intercity passenger station, opening in 1830, also being the railway terminal station for Liverpool. Used for passengers for only six years the station was demolished as the site was converted into a goods yard. The goods yard remained in use until 1972. The location of the station is now a park with no trace of the station or goods yard.
The station opened on 15 September 1830 as the Liverpool passenger terminus of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the world's first public passenger line. This gave it the station the distinction of being the world's first dedicated intercity passenger railway station as the first train ran from Liverpool. Manchester's corresponding Liverpool Road terminus station opened on the same day, being the destination of the first train from Liverpool.
The architecture is attributed to George Stephenson. The station was accessed by a 291 yd (266 m) long single track tunnel from the deep Edge Hill Cutting to the east, sometimes known as the Cavendish Cutting. Together with the adjacent 1.26 mi (2.03 km) Wapping Tunnel, these were the first tunnels to be bored under a metropolis. Stationary steam engines, located in the cutting, operated a continuous rope system to haul wagons up inclines from Edge Hill station and up the Wapping Tunnel from Park Lane Goods Depot, earlier known as Wapping railway goods station, at Liverpool's south end docks. The Wapping Tunnel runs under the Crown Street station site.
Crown Street station was too far from Liverpool city centre. Its use as a passenger station ended after only six years of use in 1836 when Lime Street Station was opened. The site of the Crown Street station was converted to a goods yard. An additional twin track tunnel was built from the Edge Hill cutting in 1846 to improve throughput to the goods yard. The goods yard closed permanently when services through the two tunnels ended in 1972. The Wapping Tunnel along with the original Crown Street tunnel also ceased operation in 1972.
Immediately to the south of Crown Street station was an area known as Millfield or Gray's yard. This included a large marshalling and storage area as well as a substantial works involved in the construction and maintenance of wagons and carriages. 
Current use of the site
The area has been landscaped as a park with the original 1830 single track tunnel's western portal covered over. The 1846 Crown Street tunnel is now used as a headshunt for trains. Student accommodation for the nearby University of Liverpool has been built on a part of the old goods yard site. The site of the station itself is landscaped. The Wapping Tunnel's ventilation tower and a plaque commemorate the station's place in history. There are also a small number of stone sleeper blocks close to the fence on Falkner Street.
Potential new station
The proposal for Paddington Village mentions that a station in the 2014 Liverpool City Region, (LCR) Long Term Rail Strategy would be of use, the station would be on the Wapping Tunnel. However, the Paddington Village Spacial Regeneration Framework document of October 2016, page 36, specifically gives a map with a station on the old Crown Street station site, stating the locations as Crown Street/Myrtle Street.
|Preceding station||Disused railways||Following station|
|Park Lane goods
Line and station closed
|London and North Western Railway
Liverpool and Manchester Railway
Line closed, station open
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- "Liverpool Crown Street". Disused Stations. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Dawson, A. (2016). The Liverpool & Manchester Railway. Amberley Publishing, Stroud.
- "The Railyard in Liverpool". Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Liverpool City Region Long Term Rail Strategy" (PDF). 1 August 2014.[not in citation given]