Croydon (UK Parliament constituency)

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Croydon
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Surrey
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Croydon North and Croydon South
Created from East Surrey

Croydon was a constituency in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency was a parliamentary borough covering an area based on the town of Croydon. Croydon had been a Municipal Borough from 1883 and was to become a County Borough in 1889. By 1902, at the latest, the parliamentary and local government boroughs had the same boundaries.

The Royal Commission on London Traffic, which reported in 1906, included the borough in its definition of Greater London. It is part of the northern section of the historic county of Surrey, which was included in Greater London after 1965.

From 1918 Croydon was divided into two borough constituencies - Croydon North and Croydon South.

History[edit]

The constituency was close enough to London to be considered part of a Greater London area. Nevertheless, at the time it existed the constituency was a Surrey borough, so it was in the South East region rather than the London region. Both regional historic constituency categories apply.

A large part of the inhabitants of this constituency commuted to work in the City of London. It was however an area where attendance at Nonconformist chapels exceeded that at Anglican churches, according to the Daily News survey of 1902. By the time of the 1911 census a larger artisan population had moved in so the social status of the borough was declining.

The constituency was in general Conservative, but less strongly so than many suburban commuter seats around London. The Labour Party secured 20% of the vote, in a three-way contest, in the 1906 election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

W. Grantham
Year Member Party
1885 William Grantham Conservative
1886 Sidney Herbert Conservative
1895 Charles Ritchie Conservative
1906 H. O. Arnold-Forster Liberal Unionist
1909 Sir Robert Hermon-Hodge Conservative
1910 Ian Malcolm Conservative
1918 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Jabez Balfour
General Election 1885: Croydon[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Grantham 5,484 56.0 N/A
Liberal Jabez Balfour 4,315 44.0 N/A
Majority 1,169 12.0 N/A
Turnout 9,799 77.7 N/A
Registered electors 12,619
Conservative win (new seat)

Grantham resigned after being appointed a judge of the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice, causing a by-election.

Sydney Buxton
By-election, 27 Jan 1886: Croydon[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert 5,205 53.9 -2.1
Liberal Sydney Buxton 4,458 46.1 +2.1
Majority 747 7.8 -4.2
Turnout 9,663 76.6 -1.1
Registered electors 12,619
Conservative hold Swing -2.1
General Election 1886: Croydon[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert Unopposed
Conservative hold

Herbert was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 11 Aug 1886: Croydon[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Sidney Herbert
General Election 1892: Croydon[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert 6,528 57.5 N/A
Liberal Edward William Grimwade 4,834 42.5 N/A
Majority 1,694 15.0 N/A
Turnout 11,362 76.6 N/A
Registered electors 14,837
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Herbert's succession to the peerage causes a by-election.

Croydon by-election, May 1895[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Ritchie Unopposed
Conservative hold

Ritchie's appointment as President of the Board of Trade causes a by-election.

Croydon by-election, July 1895[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Ritchie Unopposed
Conservative hold
Charles Ritchie
General Election 1895: Croydon[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Ritchie 6,876 59.7 +2.2
Liberal Christopher Clarke Hutchinson 4,647 40.3 −2.2
Majority 2,229 19.4 +4.4
Turnout 11,523 71.3 −5.3
Registered electors 16,152
Conservative hold Swing +2.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Croydon[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Ritchie Unopposed
Conservative hold
Stranks
General Election 1906: Croydon[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist H. O. Arnold-Forster 8,211 41.5 N/A
Liberal Henry Charles Augustus Somerset 7,573 38.3 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. Sidney Stranks 4,007 20.2 N/A
Majority 638 3.2 N/A
Turnout 19,791 83.0 N/A
Registered electors 23,858
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
Raphael
Croydon by-election, 1909[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Hermon-Hodge 11,989 57.4 +15.9
Liberal John Raphael 8,041 38.4 +0.1
Labour Frank Smith 886 4.2 −15.8
Majority 3,948 19.0 +15.8
Turnout 20,916 79.0 −4.0
Registered electors 26,470
Conservative hold Swing +7.9

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Hermon-Hodge
General Election January 1910: Croydon[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Hermon-Hodge 12,223 51.9 +10.4
Liberal Arthur Lewis Leon 11,327 48.1 +9.8
Majority 896 3.8 +0.6
Turnout 23,550 86.1 +3.1
Registered electors 27,350
Conservative hold Swing +0.3
Ian Malcolm
General Election December 1910: Croydon[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Malcolm 11,875 53.4 +1.5
Liberal Arthur Lewis Leon 10,343 46.6 −1.5
Majority 1,532 6.8 +3.0
Turnout 22,218 81.2 −4.9
Registered electors 27,350
Conservative hold Swing +1.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Social Geography of British Elections 1885-1910. by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)