Croydon North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Croydon North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Croydon North in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Electorate85,107 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsThornton Heath, Norbury, Selhurst, South Norwood, Upper Norwood
Current constituency
Created1997
Member of parliamentSteve Reed (Labour Co-operative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromCroydon North East and Croydon North West
19181955
Number of membersOne
Replaced byCroydon North East and Croydon North West
Created fromCroydon
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon

Croydon North is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2012 by Steve Reed of the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party.[n 2] The seat was created in 1918 and split in two in 1955 (taking in neighbouring areas) and re-devised in a wholly different form in 1997.

History[edit]

The seat was created from the former Croydon North West and part of the former North East constituencies. In its previous form it existed from 1918 until 1955.

Political history

On re-creation at the 1997 general election the MP for the seat became Malcolm Wicks of the Labour Party with the fourth largest Labour majority in Greater London. Wicks was victorious at the next two general elections and died on 29 September 2012, prompting the 2012 Croydon North by-election which was won by Steve Reed of the same party. The 2015 result made the seat the 31st safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Croydon North is the densest of Croydon's three seats, regarded as a safe Labour seat with all wards controlled by them at local level, consisting for the most part of rows of modest terraced houses, interspersed with tower blocks, much of it social and ex-social housing and with recreational areas.[3]

Passing through the constituency are London Overground and Southern services to London Victoria and Croydon — the seat is well connected by several stations to rail services. There has been some regeneration since 2000 with new-build developments for affluent commuters.[4]

The seat includes Crystal Palace FC's ground at Selhurst Park and the northeastern end of the seat is near the site of the former Crystal Palace itself.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The County Borough of Croydon wards of North, South Norwood, and Upper Norwood.

1950-1955: Wards of the above borough: Bensham Manor, Norbury, Thornton Heath, Upper Norwood, and West Thornton.

1997-2010: The London Borough of Croydon wards of Bensham Manor, Beulah, Broad Green, Norbury, South Norwood, Thornton Heath, Upper Norwood, West Thornton, and Whitehorse Manor.

2010-present: As above less Beulah and Whitehorse Manor, plus Selhurst.

Members of Parliament[edit]

As Croydon North[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 George Borwick Conservative
1922 Glyn Mason Conservative
1940 by-election Henry Willink Conservative
1948 by-election Fred Harris Conservative
1955 constituency abolished
1997 constituency re-created
1997 Malcolm Wicks Labour
2012 by-election Steve Reed Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Croydon North[5][6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Steve Reed 44,213 74.2 +11.5
Conservative Samuel Kasumu 11,848 19.9 -2.8
Liberal Democrat Maltby Pindar 1,656 2.8 -0.8
Green Peter Underwood 983 1.6 -3.1
UKIP Michael Swadling 753 1.3 -4.2
Independent Lee Berks 170 0.3 +0.0
Majority 32,365 54.3 +14.4
Turnout 59,623 68.2 +5.9
Registered electors 87,461
Labour hold Swing +7.2
General Election 2015: Croydon North[8][9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Steve Reed 33,513 62.6 +6.6
Conservative Vidhi Mohan 12,149 22.7 -1.4
UKIP Winston McKenzie 2,899 5.4 +3.7
Green Shasha Khan 2,515 4.7 +2.7
Liberal Democrat Joanna Corbin 1,919 3.6 -10.4
TUSC Glen Hart 261 0.5 +0.5
Independent Lee Berks 141 0.3 +0.3
Communist Ben Stevenson 125 0.2 -0.1
Majority 21,364 39.9 -8.0
Turnout 53,522 62.3 +1.7
Registered electors 85,941
Labour hold Swing +4.0
Croydon North by-election, 2012[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Steve Reed 15,892 64.7 +8.7
Conservative Andrew Stranack 4,137 16.8 -7.3
UKIP Winston McKenzie 1,400 5.7 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Marisha Ray 860 3.5 -10.5
Green Shasha Khan 855 3.5 +1.5
Respect Lee Jasper 707 2.9 +2.4
Christian Peoples Stephen Hammond 192 0.8 N/A
National Front Richard Edmonds 161 0.7 N/A
Communist Ben Stevenson 119 0.5 +0.2
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright 110 0.4 N/A
Nine Eleven Was An Inside Job Simon Lane 66 0.3 N/A
Young People's Party Robin Smith 63 0.3 N/A
Majority 11,755 47.9 +16.0
Turnout 24,562 26.5 -34.1
Rejected ballots 112 0.1 N/A
Registered electors 93,036
Labour hold Swing +8.0
General Election 2010: Croydon North[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 28,947 56.0 +2.4
Conservative Jason Hadden 12,466 24.1 +1.9
Liberal Democrat Gerry Jerome 7,226 14.0 −3.2
Green Shasha Khan 1,017 2.0 −0.9
UKIP Jonathan Serter 891 1.7 +0.0
Christian Novlette Williams 586 1.1 N/A
Respect Mohommad Shaikh 272 0.5 N/A
Communist Ben Stevenson 160 0.3 N/A
Independent Mohamed Seyed 111 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,481 31.9 +0.5
Turnout 51,676 60.6 +8.0
Registered electors 85,216
Labour hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Croydon North[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 23,555 53.7 -9.8
Conservative Tariq Ahmad 9,667 22.0 -1.3
Liberal Democrat Adrian Gee-Turner 7,590 17.2 +6.8
Green Shasha Khan 1,248 2.8 N/A
UKIP Henry Pearce 770 1.8 +0.4
Croydon Pensions Alliance Peter Gibson 394 0.9 N/A
Veritas Winston McKenzie 324 0.7 N/A
Independent Farhan Rasheed 197 0.4 N/A
The People's Choice! Exclusively For All Michelle Chambers 132 0.3 N/A
Majority 13,888 31.7 -8.5
Turnout 43,877 52.3 -0.9
Registered electors 83,629
Labour hold Swing -4.3
General Election 2001: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 26,610 63.5 +1.4
Conservative Simon Allison 9,752 23.3 -3.9
Liberal Democrat Sandra Lawman 4,375 10.4 +2.7
UKIP Alan Smith 606 1.4 +0.7
Socialist Alliance Don Madgwick 539 1.3 N/A
Majority 16,858 40.2 +5.2
Turnout 41,882 53.2 -15.0
Registered electors 78,675
Labour hold Swing -2.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Malcolm Wicks 32,672 62.2 N/A
Conservative Ian Martin 14,274 27.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Martin Morris 4,066 7.7 N/A
Referendum Roger Billis 1,155 2.2 N/A
UKIP James R. Feisenberger 396 0.8 N/A
Majority 18,398 35.0 N/A
Turnout 52,563 68.2 N/A
Registered electors 77,063
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1951: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Fred Harris 29,984 55.5 +2.1
Labour Reginald Prentice 19,738 36.6 +0.1
Liberal Brian Collins 4,272 7.9 -2.3
Majority 10,246 19.0 +2.1
Turnout 53,994 83.7 -3.1
Registered electors 64,522
Conservative hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1950: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Fred Harris 29,420 53.4 +12.3
Labour Reginald Prentice 20,116 36.5 -3.6
Liberal Frederick Owen Halsall Rowlands 5,600 10.2 +0.8
Majority 9,304 16.9 -0.5
Turnout 55,136 86.8 +13.4
Registered electors 63,537
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Croydon North by-election, 1948[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Fred Harris 36,200 54.0 +13.9
Labour Harold Nicolson 24,536 36.6 -3.5
Liberal Don Bennett 6,321 9.4 -9.4
Majority 11,664 17.4 +16.3
Turnout 67,057 74.8 +1.4
Registered electors
Conservative hold Swing +8.7
General Election 1945: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Willink 23,417 41.1 -26.0
Labour Marian Billson 22,810 40.1 +7.2
Liberal John Howard 10,714 18.8 +18.8
Majority 607 1.1 -33.0
Turnout 56,941 73.4 +8.8
Registered electors 77,594
Conservative hold Swing -16.6
Croydon North by-election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Willink 14,163 90.7 +23.6
Independent Arthur Lascelles Lucas 1,445 9.3 N/A
Majority 12,718 81.4 +47.3
Turnout 15,608 18.3 -46.3
Registered electors
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Glyn Mason 36,383 67.1 -13.8
Labour Frank Mitchell 17,872 32.9 +13.8
Majority 18,511 34.1 -27.6
Turnout 54,255 64.6 -4.8
Registered electors 83,986
Conservative hold Swing -13.8
General Election 1931: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Glyn Mason 45,595 80.9 +30.5
Labour H.W. Ray 10,795 19.1 -7.4
Majority 34,800 61.7 +37.8
Turnout 56,490 69.4 -0.4
Registered electors 81,305
Conservative hold Swing +19.0

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Glyn Mason 26,336 50.4 -19.9
Labour Gilbert Arthur Foan 13,852 26.5 -3.2
Liberal Cyril Walter Nunneley 12,053 23.1 N/A
Majority 12,484 23.9 -16.7
Turnout 52,241 69.8 -3.0
Registered electors 74,835
Unionist hold Swing -8.4
General Election 1924: Croydon North
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Glyn Mason 25,972 70.3 +7.3
Labour Gilbert Arthur Foan 10,954 29.7 -7.3
Majority 15,018 40.6 +14.6
Turnout 36,926 72.8 +17.1
Registered electors 50,697
Unionist hold Swing +7.3
General Election 1923: Croydon North[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Glyn Mason 17,085 63.0 N/A
Labour Gilbert Arthur Foan 10,054 37.0 N/A
Majority 7,031 26.0 N/A
Turnout 27,139 55.7 N/A
Registered electors 48,760
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1922: Croydon North[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Glyn Mason Unopposed
Registered electors 47,675
Unionist hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Croydon North[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist George Borwick 16,520 70.0 N/A
Liberal James Trumble 7,094 30.0 N/A
Majority 9,426 40.0 N/A
Turnout 23,614 54.1 N/A
Registered electors 43,669
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ Get a Map Ordnance survey
  4. ^ Planning Applications Croydon Council
  5. ^ https://www.croydon.gov.uk/sites/default/files/articles/downloads/SPN.NOP_.North_.pdf
  6. ^ "Croydon North parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  7. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. ^ https://www.croydon.gov.uk/sites/default/files/articles/downloads/Croydon-North-election-results.pdf
  10. ^ Election 2015 - Croydon North BBC News, 8 May 2015
  11. ^ Croydon North by-election: Labour's Steve Reed secures win BBC News, 30 November 2012
  12. ^ Parliamentary election results 2010, Croydon North Archived 2011-08-07 at the Wayback Machine. Croydon Council
  13. ^ UK general election 2005 - Results for Croydon North Electoral Commission
  14. ^ "1948 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  15. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]