Crozer Theological Seminary
Old Main Building of Crozer Theological Seminary, November 2009
|Location||21st St. and Upland Ave., Upland, Pennsylvania|
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||73001626|
|Added to NRHP||June 18, 1973|
The Crozer Theological Seminary was a multi-denominational religious institution located in Upland, Pennsylvania. The school succeeded a Normal School established at the site in 1858 and the building's use as a hospital during the American Civil War. The seminary mostly served as an American Baptist Church school, training seminarians for the entry into the Baptist ministry.
After 1970, when the seminary merged with institutions in Rochester, New York, the Old Main building was used for Crozer Hospital (now part of the Crozer-Chester Medical Center.) It is a three-story, "F"-shaped, stucco coated stone building. It has three pavilions connected by a corridor with flanking rooms. Each of the pavilions is topped by a gable roof and cupola, the largest cupola being on the central pavilion. Most recently, it is used for medical offices associated with the center. The Old Main building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.
The seminary's grounds are now the Crozer Arboretum.
The Seminary began as the Normal School of Upland, established and built by wealthy textile manufacturer John Price Crozer. Crozer allowed the Union to use the building as a hospital during the American Civil War.
After Crozer's death in 1866, his family converted the school to another purpose, endowing it as the Crozer Theological Seminary in his honor. His son recruited faculty for the new mission.
The most famous student of Crozer Seminary was the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. He enrolled on September 14, 1948 and graduated on May 8, 1951 with a Bachelor of Divinity degree. He then studied and earned his doctorate at Boston University.
In 1970 the school moved to Rochester, New York, in a merger that formed the Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School. The old seminary building was used as the former Crozer Hospital (now the Crozer-Chester Medical Center). Now the building is used for medical offices on the grounds of the Crozer-Chester Medical Center.
|Harry G. Weston||1869–1909|
|Milton G. Evans||1909–1934|
|James H. Franklin||1934–1944|
|Edwin E. Aubrey||1944–1949|
|Sankey Lee Blanton||1950–1962|
|Ronald V. Wells||1962–1970|
Pearl Hall is a serpentine stone library on the campus which opened on June 4, 1871. The building was sponsored by William Bucknell, the benefactor of Bucknell University, in memory of his late wife Margaret Crozer, the daughter of John Price Crozer. In addition to the $30,000 cost of the building, Bucknell also gave $25,000 for the cost of books and $10,000 for an endowment fund.
- John Warren Davis, taught Hebrew and Greek for three years
- Lemuel Moss, professor of New Testament
- James B. Pritchard, taught in the chair of Old Testament History and Exegesis
- Henry Clay Vedder, professor of Church history
- W. Kenneth Cauthen, John Price Crozer Griffith Emeritus Professor of Theology, taught at Crozer from 1961-1992.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Jordan, John W. (1914). A History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and Its People. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. pp. 462–464. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Pennsylvania Register of Historic Sites and Landmarks (June 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Old Main" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- Ashmeade, Henry Graham (1884). History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania (PDF). Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & Co. p. 432. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
- Brackney, William H. (2004), A genetic history of Baptist thought : with special reference to Baptists in Britain and North America, Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, p. 369, ISBN 978-0-86554-913-5, OCLC 260116581, retrieved 2009-10-06
- King, Martin Luther; Carson, Clayborne (1998), The autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr., New York, New York: Warner Books, p. 62, OCLC 39399036, retrieved 2009-10-06
- Dugan, George (1970-05-17), "BAPTIST SEMINARY PLANS TO MERGE; Crozer Theological to Join With School in Rochester", New York Times, p. 36, ISSN 0362-4331, retrieved 2009-10-06
- Ashmead, Henry Graham (1884). A History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania (PDF). Philadelphia: L.H Everts & Co. p. 434. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- Jordan, John W. (1914). A History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, and Its People. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 463. Retrieved 15 October 2017.