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The cruciform tail is an aircraft empennage configuration which, when viewed from the aircraft's front or rear, looks much like a cross. The usual arrangement is to have the horizontal stabilizer intersect the vertical tail somewhere near the middle, and above the top of the fuselage.
Often this arrangement is chosen to keep the tail out of the engines' wake or to avoid complex interference drag.
The cruciform tail gives the benefit of clearing the aerodynamics of the tail away from the wake of the engine, while not requiring the same amount of strengthening of the vertical tail section in comparison with a T-tail design.
- A-4 Skyhawk
- Avro Canada CF-100
- B-1 Lancer
- British Aerospace Jetstream 41
- Britten-Norman Trislander
- Canadair CL-215
- Cessna T303 Crusader
- Cessna T-37 Tweet
- Dassault Falcon
- de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter
- Dornier Do 335
- F-84 Thunderjet
- F-84F Thunderstreak
- Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner
- Gloster Meteor - Allies first operational jet fighter..
- Hawker Hunter
- Jetstream 31
- Lake Buccaneer
- Lockheed Jetstar
- McDonnell FH Phantom
- McDonnell F2H Banshee - early variants only[N 1]
- Messerschmitt 262 - the first operational jet fighter.
- Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15
- Northrop YC-125 Raider
- PBY Catalina
- Piccard Eureka
- Roberts Cygnet
- Rockwell Commander 112
- Scaled Composites White Knight Two
- Sud Aviation Caravelle
- SZD-50 Puchacz
- US Aviation Cumulus
- A cruciform tail was used on the XF2D-1, F2H-1, F2H-2, F2H-2B, F2H-2N, and F2H-2P Banshee variants. The later F2H-3 and F2H-4 used a conventional tail.
- dic.academic.ru (n.d.). "Cruciform". Retrieved 2009-02-19.