Cruising with Ruben & the Jets
|Cruising with Ruben & the Jets|
|Studio album by|
|Released||December 2, 1968|
|Recorded||Apostolic Studios, NYC|
December 1967 - February 1968
|Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention chronology|
|Singles from Cruising with Ruben & the Jets|
Cruising with Ruben & the Jets is the fourth studio album by the Mothers of Invention. Released on December 2, 1968, on Bizarre and Verve Records with distribution by MGM Records, it was subsequently remixed by Frank Zappa and reissued independently.
As with the band's previous three albums, it is a concept album, influenced by 1950s doo wop and rock and roll. The album's concept deals with a fictitious Chicano doo wop band called Ruben & the Jets, represented by the cover illustration by Cal Schenkel, which depicts the Mothers of Invention as anthropomorphic dogs. It was conceived as part of a project called No Commercial Potential, which produced three other albums: Lumpy Gravy, We're Only in It for the Money and Uncle Meat.
The album and its singles received some radio success, due to its doo wop sound. The band Ruben and the Jets were named after this album.
During a previous recording session engineer Richard Kunc and the Mothers of Invention discussed their high school days and love for doo wop songs. Ray Collins and some of the other members of the band started singing and performing the songs, and Zappa suggested that they record an album of doo wop music. Zappa described the album as an homage to the 1950s vocal music that he was "crazy" about. Collins later left the Mothers of Invention, and Zappa began working on a project entitled No Commercial Potential, which included sessions that produced Cruising with Ruben & the Jets, as well as We're Only in It for the Money, a revised version of Lumpy Gravy, and Uncle Meat. After The Mothers of Invention's contract with MGM and Verve Records expired, Zappa and Herb Cohen negotiated to form Bizarre Productions, with Verve releasing three Bizarre releases with distribution by MGM: a new Mothers of Invention album, Cruising with Ruben & the Jets, the compilation Mothermania, and an album by Sandy Hurvitz, Sandy's Album is Here at Last.
Zappa stated, regarding the releases Lumpy Gravy, We're Only in It for the Money, Cruising with Ruben & the Jets and Uncle Meat, "It's all one album. All the material in the albums is organically related and if I had all the master tapes and I could take a razor blade and cut them apart and put it together again in a different order it still would make one piece of music you can listen to. Then I could take that razor blade and cut it apart and reassemble it a different way, and it still would make sense. I could do this twenty ways. The material is definitely related."
Ray Collins rejoined the Mothers of Invention for the recording of the album, as his high falsetto was suited for the recordings. According to Collins, "I brought the style of being raised in Pomona, California, being raised on the Four Aces, the Four Freshmen, Frankie Lane, Frank Sinatra and Jesse Baldwin. The early influences of R&B came into the Southern California area when I was probably in the tenth grade in high school. And I remember Peter Potter's show, and I think I recall the first R&B tune on there was 'Oop-Shoop'. Frank actually had more influences from the 'real blues', you know, like Muddy Waters, those kind of people. But I wasn't into that in my early life. I was more of the pop culture, pop radio things, and it's always been more of a favourite of mine than the early blues stuff - even though I love John Lee Hooker and all those people."
According to Bunk Gardner, "Cruising with Ruben & the Jets was an easy album to record. We were recording it at the same time as Uncle Meat because the songs were easy and very simple and didn't require a lot of time for arrangements and technical overdubbing. It was the beginning of the end for Ray Collins because all the new material Frank was writing was a little too far out and away from Ray's roots - which was Ruben-era material. Motorhead too was in his glory during the recording of this album. He loved Ruben and that was really his kind of music to get nostalgic over - on stage and doing the dance steps and playing that music [...] I really enjoyed playing a solo on Ray's tune 'Anything'. I remember Frank, Ray and Roy standing in the control booth while I recorded my solo. Frank was telling me after the first take to keep it simple. So I nailed it on the second take and everyone was happy!"
It included four rerecordings of songs that were on The Mothers' first album Freak Out!: "How Could I Be Such a Fool"; "You Didn't Try to Call Me"; "Anyway the Wind Blows"; and "I'm Not Satisfied". Their arrangements were altered to fit within the album's concept.
Within the concept of the album, Ruben Sano was the leader of the fictitious Chicano band "the Jets". The back cover depicted Ruben with an early high school photograph of Zappa. According to artist Cal Schenkel, "I started working on the story of Ruben and the Jets that is connected with the Uncle Meat story, which is this old guy turns this teenage band into these dog snout people [...] We started that before it actually became Ruben and the Jets. That came out of my love for comics and that style, the anthropomorphic animals, but also it was part of a running story line." The tongue in cheek liner notes declare that the band had eleven members and kept the name "Ruben and the Jets" even after Ruben quit the group: "His girl friend said she would leave him forever if he didn't quit playing in the band and fix up his car so they could go to the drive-in and make out."
Zappa stated regarding the album's lyrics, "I detest 'love lyrics'." He intentionally wrote lyrics he described as "sub-Mongoloid" to satirize the genre. The music of Cruising with Ruben & the Jets was the most straightforward genre work the Mothers of Invention had performed yet, attempting to faithfully reproduce the sound of 1950s doo wop and rock and roll. However, the arrangements included quotes from Igor Stravinsky pieces and unusual chord changes and tempos.
Release and legacy
|Allmusic (Cruising with Ruben & the Jets 1984 Remix)|||
|Allmusic (Greasy Love Songs)|||
The album was popular with radio stations, as they believed it to be an unearthed doo wop album by an unknown band called Ruben & the Jets. A single was issued ("Deseri" b/w a remixed and overdubbed version of "Jelly Roll Gum Drop") credited to "Ruben and the Jets", with no mention of The Mothers of Invention; according to Zappa, later pressings, which credited the Mothers of Invention, did not receive as much airplay as the original "Ruben" pressings. The album's cover has a word balloon stating "Is this the Mothers of Invention recording under a different name in a last ditch attempt to get their cruddy music on the radio?" Zappa later dismissed claims that he had "fooled people" with this album as "nonsense".
Subsequently, Zappa stated that the Mothers of Invention would record a second Ruben & the Jets album. No sequel to Cruising with Ruben & the Jets was produced. However, a band called Ruben and the Jets, named in honor of the album, released their debut album, For Real! in 1973 on Mercury Records, produced by Zappa.
In 1984, Zappa prepared a remix of Cruising with Ruben & the Jets for its compact disc reissue and the vinyl box set The Old Masters I. The remix featured new rhythm tracks recorded by bassist Arthur Barrow and drummer Chad Wackerman, much as the 1984 remix of We're Only in It for the Money had featured. Zappa stated "The master tapes for Ruben and the Jets were in better shape, but since I liked the results on We're Only in it For the Money, I decided to do it on Ruben too. But those are the only two albums on which the original performances were replaced. I thought the important thing was the material itself."
After the remixing was announced, a $13 million lawsuit was filed against Zappa by Jimmy Carl Black, Bunk Gardner and Don Preston, who were later joined by Ray Collins, Art Tripp and Motorhead Sherwood, increasing the claim to $16.4 million, stating that they had received no royalties from Zappa since 1969.
In 2009, the original mix of the album was released as part of a compilation entitled Greasy Love Songs. Allmusic's François Couture gave the album's 1984 remix 3 out of 5 stars. Another writer for the site, Sean Westergaard, gave Greasy Love Songs 4 out of 5 stars.
All tracks written by Frank Zappa except as noted.
|2.||"Love of My Life"||3:10|
|3.||"How Could I Be Such a Fool"||3:35|
|4.||"Deseri"||Collins, Paul Buff||2:07|
|5.||"I'm Not Satisfied"||4:03|
|6.||"Jelly Roll Gum Drop"||2:20|
|8.||"Later That Night"||3:06|
|9.||"You Didn't Try to Call Me"||3:57|
|10.||"Fountain of Love"||Zappa, Collins||3:01|
|11.||""No. No. No.""||2:29|
|12.||"Any Way the Wind Blows"||2:58|
|13.||"Stuff Up the Cracks"||4:35|
- Ray Collins – lead vocals
- Frank Zappa – low grumbles, oo-wah and lead guitar (also drums, piano, bass)
- Roy Estrada – high weazlings, dwaedy-doop & electric bass
- Jimmy Carl Black and/or Arthur Dyer Tripp III – lewd pulsating rhythm
- Ian Underwood or Don Preston – redundant piano triplets
- Motorhead Sherwood – baritone sax & tambourine
- Bunk Gardner and Ian Underwood – tenor and alto saxes
- Producer: Frank Zappa
- Engineer: Dick Kunc
- Cover Art: Cal Schenkel
- Cover Design: Cal Schenkel
- Artwork: Cal Schenkel
Album - Billboard (United States)
- James, Billy (2002-10-01). "Necessity Is: The Early Years of Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention". ISBN 9780946719518.
- Rojek, Chris (2011). "Theoretical Perspectives". Pop Music, Pop Culture. Polity. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-7456-4264-2.
- Frank Zappa interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969)
- Barry Miles (2005). Tropic of Capricorn. Grove Press. pp. 160, 169, 326. ISBN 978-0-8021-4215-3.
- Zappa, Frank with Occhiogrosso, Peter (1989). The Real Frank Zappa Book. New York: Poseidon Press. pp. 87–90. ISBN 0-671-63870-X.
- The Story of Reuben & The Jets
- Couture, François. "Review of Cruising with Ruben & the Jets". Allmusic. Retrieved 2007-11-02.
- Couture, François (2011). "Cruising with Ruben & the Jets - The Mothers of Invention | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- Westergaard, Sean. "Greasy Love Songs: An FZ Audio Documentary Project/Object - Frank Zappa | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- Marcus, Griel (December 21, 1968). "Records". Rolling Stone. San Francisco: Straight Arrow Publishers, Inc.
- Frank Zappa, "Serious Fan Mail", Greasy Love Songs, Zappa Records ZR20010, 2010.
- Cruising with Ruben & the Jets at AllMusic