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In mathematics, a crunode (archaic) or node is a point where a curve intersects itself so that both branches of the curve have distinct tangent lines at the point of intersection. A crunode is also known as an ordinary double point.
For a plane curve, defined as the locus of points f(x, y) = 0, where f(x, y) is a smooth function of variables x and y ranging over the real numbers, a crunode of the curve is a singularity of the function f, where both partial derivatives and vanish. Further the Hessian matrix of second derivatives will have both positive and negative eigenvalues.
- Weisstein, Eric W. "Crunode". Mathworld. Retrieved 14 January 2014.