Crushed red pepper

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Crushed red pepper

Crushed red pepper (CRP) or red pepper flakes (RPF) is a condiment consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red chili peppers.

This condiment is most often produced from cayenne-type peppers, although commercial producers may use a variety of different cultivars, usually within the 30,000–50,000 Scoville unit range.[1]

The town of Bukovo in the Republic of Macedonia is credited with the creation of crushed chilli, also known as chilli flakes.

Chilli flakes are known by the name "Bukovo" (named after the town of Bukovo from where they originate) This is the most common name for crushed red chilli in the Republic of Macedonia and throughout the Balkans.

Crushed red pepper shakers have become as standard as salt and pepper on tables at Italian style restaurants and especially pizza parlors in the United States. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which some people believe intensifies the heat of this flavorful condiment. Crushed red pepper is used by food manufacturers in pickling blends, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage.

Crushed red pepper is known as pul biber in Turkey and it is a very popular spice to add to foods. One variety of it is the Urfa pul biber (isot).


  1. ^ Bovino, Arthur (April 10, 2012). "What Are Crushed Red Pepper Flakes?". The Daily Meal. Retrieved June 26, 2016.