Cryonics Institute

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Cryonics Institute
Cryonics Institute Logo.jpg
  • 4 April 1976
  • (43 years ago)
FounderRobert Ettinger
FocusCryopreservation of humans and pets
Area served
Key people
Dennis Kowalski, Andy Zawacki, Hillary Martenson, Mike McCauley
Cryonics institute

Cryonics Institute (CI) is an American not-for-profit corporation that provides cryonics services. CI freezes dead humans and pets in liquid nitrogen with the speculative hope of restoring them with technology in the future.[1][2]


The Cryonics Institute was founded by the “Father of Cryonics” Robert Ettinger on April 4, 1976, in Detroit, Michigan, where he served as president until 2003. Ettinger introduced the concept of cryonics with the publication of his book “The Prospect of Immortality” published in 1962.[3][4][5] Operations moved to the current location in Clinton Township, Michigan in 1993.[6]


The Cryonics Institute has almost 2,000 people signed up from around the world to be cryopreserved after they die, and 170 patients already cryopreserved in tanks of liquid nitrogen with Robert Ettinger being the 106th patient who is cryopreserved along with his mother and wives.[7][8][9][10][11]

Operations and procedures[edit]

The cryonics procedure performed by the Cryonics Institute begins with a process called vitrification where the body is perfused with cryoprotective agents to protect against damage in the freezing process. After this, the body is cooled to -196 °C over the course of a day or two days in a computer-controlled chamber before being placed in a long-term storage container filled with liquid nitrogen. The Cryonics Institute calls their storage units cryostats, and each unit contains up to six people.[12] The process can take place only once the person has been declared legally dead. Ideally, the process begins within two minutes of the heart stopping and no more than 15.[13][14][15]

In order to revive currently frozen patients in the future, it will be necessary to be able to cure any diseases which lead to death, repair cells damaged in the freezing process, and repair cells damaged by the ageing process.[16]

The Cryonics Institute provides services including Human Cryostatis, DNA/Tissue Freezing, Pet Cryopreservation, and Memorabilia Storage.[17][18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mills, Emma (2016-11-22). "Inside the Cryonics lab where people hope to come back to life". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  2. ^ Monette, Michael (2012-04-17). "Spending eternity in liquid nitrogen". CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal. 184 (7): 747–748. doi:10.1503/cmaj.109-4144. ISSN 0820-3946. PMC 3328517. PMID 22431902.
  3. ^ Devlin, Hannah (2016-11-18). "The cryonics dilemma: will deep-frozen bodies be fit for new life?". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  4. ^ Coman, Brian J. (2007). A Loose Canon: Essays on History, Modernity and Tradition. Connor Court Publishing Pty Ltd. ISBN 9780980293623.
  5. ^ "Robert Ettinger, founder of the cryonics movement, dies at 92". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  6. ^ Press, The Associated. "Facility in Macomb County keeps bodies frozen in hopes of bringing them back to life". Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  7. ^ "Robert C. W. Ettinger Is Dead at 92; Proponent of Life After (Frozen) Death". Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  8. ^ Lawrie, Eleanor (2018-03-20). "Is cryonics the key to immortality?". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  9. ^ Bucktin, Christopher (2016-11-19). "Inside lab where Brits are frozen so they can have another chance at life". mirror. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  10. ^ Ettinger, R. C. W. (2009). Youniverse: Toward a Self-centered Philosophy of Immortalism and Cryonics. Universal-Publishers. ISBN 9781599429793.
  11. ^ "Robert Ettinger". 2011-08-10. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[dead link]
  12. ^ "'Stored in giant thermos bottles': How a 'cryonics club' freezes people for the future (AUDIO)". RT International. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  13. ^ Maria, Cara Santa (2013-03-18). "Cryonic Preservation After Death: What Does The Science Say? (VIDEO)". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  14. ^ "Here's how far cryonic preservation has come in the 50 years since 'Bedford Day'". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  15. ^ "Frozen British teen boosts profile of Michigan cryonics lab". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  16. ^ "First human FROZEN by cryonics 'will be brought back to life in just TEN years'". 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  17. ^ "With Michigan Cemetery License in Hand, Cryonics Lab Freezes Dead Again". 2004-01-08. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[dead link]
  18. ^ News, ABC. "Video: Deep Freeze in Medicine at the Cryonics Institute". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-12-25.