Cryphiops caementarius

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Cryphiops caementarius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Palaemonidae
Genus: Cryphiops
Species: C. caementarius
Binomial name
Cryphiops caementarius
(Molina, 1782)
Synonyms [1]

Cancer caementarius Molina, 1782

Cryphiops caementarius is a South American freshwater shrimp.

Distribution[edit]

It is found in the rivers of Chile and Peru, where it is known as camarón de rio or camarón de rio del norte de Chile. The males are called changallo.[2] The females return to the estuaries to spawn, and the larvae migrate up-river.[2]

Description[edit]

Adults reach a total length of 185 millimetres (7.3 in).[2]

Capture and culture[edit]

It is caught for food from the wild. There has been experimental aquaculture of this species.[3] In Chile, the aquaculture production technology has been developed by the research staff of the Aquaculture Department of the Universidad Católica del Norte, trying to enhance cultivation at commercial level, obtaining a sustainable production in order to decrease the pressure on natural populations. By collecting of ovigerous females from their natural habitat, research shows that it is possible to cultivate C. caementarius juveniles in 65 days through 18 zoeal stages.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cryphiops caementarius (Molina, 1762)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Lipke Holthuis (1980). "Palaemonidae". Shrimps and Prawns of the World (PDF). Volume 1 of FAO Species Catalogue. Food and Agriculture Organization. pp. 81–117.
  3. ^ Herminio R. Rabanal & V. Soesanto (1985). The World Fishery and Culture of Macrobrachium and Related Prawn Species. Food and Agriculture Organization.
  4. ^ Morales, Maria C.; Meruane, Jaime (2013). "The northern river shrimp Cryphiops caementarius (Decapoda, Palaemonidae), research chronology between 1958 and 2008, II: aquaculture research and development in northern Chile". Crustaceana. 86 (12): 1452–1467. Retrieved 9 November 2018.