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Export of cryptography

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The export of cryptography is the transfer from one country to another of devices and technology related to cryptography.

In the early days of the Cold War, the United States and its allies developed an elaborate series of export control regulations designed to prevent a wide range of Western technology from falling into the hands of others, particularly the Eastern bloc. All export of technology classed as 'critical' required a license. CoCom was organized to coordinate Western export controls.

Many countries, notably those participating in the Wassenaar Arrangement, introduced restrictions. The Wassenaar restrictions were largely loosened in the late 2010s.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Meyer, Venable LLP-Lindsay B.; McMullan, Carrie Kroll; Sudduth, Wes S. (October 19, 2016). "Top Five Takeaways: Wassenaar Arrangement Updates to Commerce's Encryption-Related Export Controls". Lexology. Archived from the original on July 5, 2023. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  2. ^ O'Keefe, Amanda (January 3, 2018). "Why the EU's call to remove crypto-tech from dual-use export controls is encouraging". IAPP. Archived from the original on October 31, 2020. Retrieved May 13, 2020.