Crystal River Energy Complex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Crystal River Energy Complex
The entire complex.
The entire complex.
CountryUnited States
LocationCrystal River, Florida
Coordinates28°57′29″N 82°41′59″W / 28.958111°N 82.699722°W / 28.958111; -82.699722Coordinates: 28°57′29″N 82°41′59″W / 28.958111°N 82.699722°W / 28.958111; -82.699722
StatusOperational
Construction beganUnit 3: September 25, 1968
Commission date
  • Unit 1: 1966
  • Unit 2: 1969
  • Unit 3: March 13, 1977
  • Unit 4: 1982
  • Unit 5: 1984
Decommission dateUnit 3: February 5, 2013
Construction costUnit 3: $400 million
Owner(s)Duke Energy
Operator(s)Duke Energy
Thermal power station
Primary fuelCoal
Secondary fuelFuel Oil[1]
Cooling sourceCrystal River, Air cooling
Power generation
Units operational2 × 717 MW
Units cancelled1 × 897 MW
Units decommissioned
  • 1 × 860 MW
  • 1 × 373 MW
  • 1 × 469 MW
Nameplate capacity1,434 MW
Capacity factor44.57%
Annual net output8886 GW·h (2016)

The Crystal River Energy Complex consists of seven power-generating plants on a 4,700 acre (1,900 hectare) site near the mouth of the Crystal River in Citrus County, Florida. Crystal River 1, 2, 4, and 5 are fossil fuel power plants, while Crystal River 3 is the sole nuclear power plant on the site. The Crystal River Combined Cycle site consists of two Mitsubishi gas turbines, which came on-line in 2018. The complex was developed in the early 1960s by the Florida Power Corporation and sold to Progress Energy Inc in 2000.[2] Following Progress Energy's merger with Duke Energy in 2012,[3] the facility is owned and operated by Duke Energy.[2]

In February 2013, Duke Energy announced that Crystal River 3 would be permanently shut down.[4]

Power plants[edit]

Reactor unit Reactor type Capacity Construction started Electricity grid connection Commercial operation Shutdown
Net Gross
Crystal River 1 Coal, water-cooled 373 MW 441 MW October 1966 2019
Crystal River 2 Coal, water-cooled 469 MW 524 MW November 1969 2019
Crystal River 3 Nuclear 860 MW 890 MW September 25, 1968[5] January 30, 1977 March 13, 1977 February 5, 2013
Crystal River 4 Coal, air and water-cooled 717 MW 739 MW December 1982
Crystal River 5 Coal, air and water-cooled 717 MW 739 MW October 1984

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electricity Data Browser". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b Murawski, John (2011-01-10). "Merger means uncertainty for Raleigh utility's workers". News & Observer. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
  3. ^ "Duke Energy, Progress Energy to merge in $26B deal". WRAL-TV.
  4. ^ "Crystal River Nuclear Plant to be retired; company evaluating sites for potential new gas-fueled generation". 5 February 2013. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  5. ^ "CRYSTAL RIVER-3". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency. Retrieved August 23, 2019.

External links[edit]