Crystallography and NMR system

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Developer(s) Axel T. Brunger and others
Stable release
1.3 / 22 July 2010; 7 years ago (2010-07-22)
Written in Fortran
Operating system Mac, Linux
Type X-Ray Crystallography, NMR Spectroscopy
Licence Free to Academic (Non-profit) Institutions

CNS or Crystallography and NMR system, is a software library for computational structural biology.[1][2] It is an offshoot of X-PLOR and uses much of the same syntax. It is used in the fields of X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy of biological macromolecules.


  1. ^ Brunger AT, Adams PD, Clore BM, Gros P, Grosse-Kunstleve RW, Jiang JS, Kuszewski J, Nilges N, Pannu NS, Read RJ, Rice LM, Simonson T, Warren GL (1998). "Crystallography & NMR System (CNS), A new software suite for macromolecular structure determination". Acta Crystallogr D. 54: 905–921. PMID 9757107. doi:10.1107/s0907444998003254. 
  2. ^ Brunger AT (2007). "Version 1.2 of the Crystallography and NMR System". Nature Protocols. 2: 2728–2733. PMID 18007608. doi:10.1038/nprot.2007.406. 

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