Creative Assembly Sofia

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Creative Assembly Sofia
Native name
Криейтив Асембли София
Krieĭtiv Asembli Sofiya
  • Black Sea Studios Ltd.[a]
  • (2001–2008)
  • Crytek Black Sea Ltd.[b]
  • (2008–2017)
IndustryVideo game industry
Founded2001; 17 years ago (2001)
FounderVesselin Handjiev
Number of employees
60 (2017)
Parent Edit this on Wikidata

Creative Assembly Sofia[c] (formerly Black Sea Studios Ltd.[a] and Crytek Black Sea Ltd.[b]) is a Bulgarian video game developer based in Sofia.[1]


2001-2007: Black Sea Studios[edit]

Former Black Sea Studios logo

The company was established by Vesselin Handjiev as Black Sea Studios in 2001. It was based in Bulgaria and initially began developing "two real-time strategy games and one arcade-style action game" for major gaming consoles.[2] The company became known for its 2004 title Knights of Honor, a historical real-time strategy game released for Microsoft Windows, and for the 2008 science fiction real-time strategy title WorldShift.[3][4]

2008-2016: Crtyek Black Sea[edit]

Former Crytek Black Sea logo

In July 2008, German developer and publisher Crytek announced their acquisition of the studio, and renamed it Crytek Black Sea. At the time, Black Sea Studios was based in Sofia, Bulgaria, with Vesselin Handijev was managing director.[3]

In May 2014, Crytek announced the development of their own multiplayer online battle arena game using the CryEngine, titled Arena of Fate and under development at the Sofia studio. The game was shown at E3 2014.[5] In November 2016, the founder and director of the studio Vesselin Handjiev left and a month later announced the formation of a new game company, Black Sea Games.[6]

2016-2018: Purchase by Creative Assembly[edit]

In December 2016, Crytek announced that it would shut down five of its international studios, due to financial troubles, of which Crytek Black Sea was put up for sale.[7][8] In March 2017, it was announced that the studio was acquired by British developer Creative Assembly (itself owned by Sega), and was renamed Creative Assembly Sofia.[9] At the time, Crytek Black Sea had 60 people.[9][10][11]

Games developed[edit]

Year Title Platform(s)
As Black Sea Studios
2004 Knights of Honor Microsoft Windows
2008 WorldShift
As Crytek Black Sea
Cancelled Arena of Fate Microsoft Windows
As Creative Assembly Sofia
2017 Total War: Rome II – Empire Divided[12] Microsoft Windows


  1. ^ a b Bulgarian: Блек Сий Студиос ЕООД, translit. Blek Siĭ Studios EOOD
  2. ^ a b Bulgarian: Крайтек Блек Сий ЕООД, translit. Kraĭtek Blek Siĭ EOOD
  3. ^ Bulgarian: Криейтив Асембли София, translit. Krieĭtiv Asembli Sofiya


  1. ^ "Company Overview of Creative Assembly Sofia". Bloomberg.
  2. ^ Walker, Trey (May 7, 2001). "Black Sea Studios founded". Gamespot. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Lee, James (22 July 2008). "Crytek acquires Black Sea Studios". Gamer Network. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  4. ^ Chalk, Andy (December 29, 2016). "Former Crytek Sofia leads launch a new studio called Black Sea Games [Updated]". PCGamer. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  5. ^ Karmali, Luke (22 May 2014). "Crytek Announces Arena of Fate For PC and Consoles". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  6. ^ Dring, Christopher (24 December 2016). "Crytek Sofia developers re-form Black Sea Games". Gamer Network. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  7. ^ Dayus, Oscar (20 December 2016). "Crytek Shuts Down Five Studios Amid Financial Difficulties". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  8. ^ Caldwell, Brendan (20 December 2016). "Crytek closes five studios after reportedly failing to pay workers". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  9. ^ a b Donnelly, Joe (7 March 2017). "Creative Assembly acquires Arena of Fate developer Crytek Black Sea". PC Gamer. Future US. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  10. ^ McWhertor, Michael (March 7, 2017). "Crytek sells off Black Sea studio to Sega, Total War creators". Polygon. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  11. ^ Takahashi, Dean (March 7, 2017). "Crytek sells Black Sea studio in Bulgaria to Sega and The Creative Assembly". VentureBeat. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  12. ^ "Creative Assembly Sofia se vklyuchva v Game Dev Summit Monthly s predstavyaneto na igrata Total War" Creative Assembly Sofia се включва в Game Dev Summit Monthly с представянето на играта Total War [Creative Assembly Sofia joins Game Dev Summit Monthly with Total War]. OffNews. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.

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