The origin of the csárdás can be traced back to the 18th century Hungarian music genre the verbunkos, where the 'verbunk' was used as a recruiting dance by the Hungarian army.
The csárdás is characterized by a variation in tempo: it starts out slowly (lassú) and ends in a very fast tempo (friss, literally "fresh"). There are other tempo variations, called ritka csárdás, sűrű csárdás and szökős csárdás. The music is in 2 4 or 4 4time. The dancers are both male and female, with the women dressed in traditional wide skirts, usually colored red, which form a distinctive shape when they whirl.
^Blatter, Alfred (2007). Revisiting music theory: a guide to the practice, p. 28. ISBN 0-415-97440-2.
^Kaufman, Nikolaj (2002). "Pesnite na banatskite bǎlgari". Regionalni proučvanija na bǎlgarskija folklor. Tom 4. Severozapadna Bǎlgarija: obštnosti, tradicii, identičnost (in Bulgarian): 36. ISSN0861-6558.
^Tari, Lujza (2012), "The Verbunkos, A Music Genre And Musical Symbol Of Hungary"(PDF), Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov, 5 (54) (1): 81–86, The origin of the verbunkos style – verbunk, the dance used to recruit young serfs for the army – came to the fore of public attention already during recruitments in the 18th century...During the Austrian domination of Hungary, after 1715 the custom of enlisting recruits for the regiments of the imperial army at tavern carousals with drinking and dancing also became customary.