Csongrád County

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This article is about the county. For the town see Csongrád. For the historical comitatus see Csongrád County (former).

Csongrád County
Csongrád megye
Counties of Hungary
Maros river embankment near Makó
Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park Cathedral of Szeged
Descending, from top: Maros river embankment near Makó, Ópusztaszer National Heritage Park, and Cathedral of Szeged
Flag of Csongrád County
Flag
Coat of arms of Csongrád County
Coat of arms
Csongrád County within Hungary
Csongrád County within Hungary
Country Hungary
Region Southern Great Plain
County seat Szeged
Government
 • President of the General Assembly Béla Kakas (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 4,262.71 km2 (1,645.84 sq mi)
Area rank 12th in Hungary
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 417,456
 • Rank 8th in Hungary
 • Density 98/km2 (250/sq mi)
Postal code 66xx – 69xx
Area code(s) (+36) 62, 63
ISO 3166 code HU-CS
Website www.csongrad-megye.hu

Csongrád (Hungarian: Csongrád megye, pronounced [ˈt͡ʃonɡraːd]) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in southern Hungary, on the both sides of the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Bács-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok and Békés. The administrative centre of Csongrád county is Szeged. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 4,263 km2 (1,646 sq mi) – 4,58% of Hungary.

The area of Csongrád County is flat. It has a high number of sunshine hours and excellent soil, which makes it the most important agricultural area of Hungary. Its most famous products are paprika from Szeged and onion from Makó, but grain, vegetables and fruits are also significant. Half of the onion, paprika and vegetables produced in Hungary are from Csongrád. The county is also rich in oil and natural gas.

The highest point is Ásotthalom (125 m), the lowest is Gyálarét (78 m; lowest point of Hungary).

Neighbours[edit]

History[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Csongrád County (2011 census)

  Catholic Church (39.4%)
  Calvinism (7.0%)
  Lutheranism (0.8%)
  Orthodoxy (0.2%)
  Judaism (0.1%)
  Other religions (1.7%)
  Non-religious (21.8%)
  Atheists (1.6%)
  Undeclared (27.0%)

After the Ottoman occupation, in 1715 the county was nearly uninhabited, the population density was less than 5/km2. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the county was repopulated by ethnic Hungarians from the relatively overpopulated northern and western counties of the Kingdom of Hungary.[1] Now, the county is home for 423,826 people (216,936 people live in urban counties) with a population density is 100/km2. It has a Hungarian majority.[2]

In 2015, it had a population of 406,205 and the population density was 95/km².

Year County population[3] Change
1949 429,083 n/a
1960 Increase 434,046 1.16%
1970 Increase 445,220 2.57%
1980 Increase 456,300 (record) 2.49%
1990 Decrease 438,842 -3.83%
2001 Decrease 433,344 -1.25%
2011 Decrease 417,456 -3.67%

Ethnicity[edit]

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 5,000), Romanian (1,500), German (1,300) and Serb (1,300).

Total population (2011 census): 417,456
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[4] Identified themselves: 367,193 persons:

  • Hungarians: 355,554 (96.83%)
  • Gypsies: 4,720 (1.29%)
  • Others and indefinable: 6,919 (1.88%)

Approx. 59,000 persons in Csongrád County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[5]

Regional structure[edit]

District of Csongrád County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Csongrád District
Csongrádi járás
339.24 22,996 68 Csongrád (town) 4
2 Hódmezővásárhely District
Hódmezővásárhelyi járás
707.77 56,560 80 Hódmezővásárhely 4
3 Kistelek District
Kisteleki járás
410.20 18,185 44 Kistelek 6
4 Makó District
Makói járás
688.85 45,138 66 Makó 15
5 Mórahalom District
Mórahalmi járás
561.71 28,986 52 Mórahalom 10
6 Szeged District
Szegedi járás
741.10 204,263 276 Szeged 13
7 Szentes District
Szentesi járás
813.84 41,328 51 Szentes 8
Csongrád County 4,262.71 417,456 98 Szeged 60

Transport[edit]

Road network[edit]

M5 motorway near Röszke.
Main road 45 near Szentes.

In 2012, Csongrád County has a dense network of public roads, in total length of 1,350 km, of which 281 km are main roads.[6] Inland, connections are provided by 1,049 km of county and communal roads and 20 km are covered with light road surfaces.

Highway network
Road network

Politics[edit]

The Csongrád County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 20 counselors, with the following party composition:[7]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11                      
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 5                      
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 4                      

Presidents of the General Assembly[edit]

István Lehmann (MSZP) 1990–1998
Dr. József Frank (Fidesz) 1998–2006
Anna Magyar (Fidesz) 2006–2014
Béla Kakas (Fidesz) 2014–

Municipalities[edit]

Csongrád County has 2 urban counties, 8 towns, 7 large villages and 43 villages.

As a typical Great Plain county, Csongrád has a relatively small number of municipalities. 72.5% of the population lives in cities/towns, so it is one of the most urbanized county in Hungary.[8]

Cities with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Changing ethnicities in Hungary (map+data+assay) (Károly Kocsis, Zsolt Bottlik, MTA Földrajztudományi Kutatóintézet, Budapest 2009, ISBN 978-963-9545-18-2, ISBN 978-963-9545-19-9)
  2. ^ Csongrád county (2001 census), English
  3. ^ népesség.com, "Csongrád megye népessége 1870-2015"
  4. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  5. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.6 Csongrád megye, (in Hungarian) [1]
  6. ^ "Csongrád Megyei Terület fejlesztési Koncepció" (PDF) (in Hungarian). 
  7. ^ A Csongrád Megyei Közgyűlés, (in Hungarian) [2]
  8. ^ List of localities in Csongrád county by area, population and status (2001 census), English

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°25′N 20°15′E / 46.417°N 20.250°E / 46.417; 20.250