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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Branchiopoda
Order: Cladocera
Suborder: Ctenopoda
G. O. Sars, 1865
Families [1]

The Ctenopoda are a suborder of the order Cladocera, comprising the three families Holopediidae, Pseudopenilidae, and Sididae.[1] Its members mostly live in fresh water, but Penilia is marine.[2]


  1. ^ a b WoRMS (2011). "Ctenopoda". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ D. A. Egloff, P. W. Fofonoff & T. Onbé (1997). "Reproductive biology of marine cladocerans". In J. H. S. Blaxter & Alan J. Southward. Advances in Marine Biology. 31. Academic Press. pp. 80–169. ISBN 978-0-12-026131-4. 

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