Relations between Tuvalu and the Republic of Cuba are recent, having developed in the 2000s (decade). Like other countries in Oceania, Tuvalu is a beneficiary of Cuban medical aid; bilateral relations between Funafuti and Havana must be viewed within the scope of Cuba's regional policy in Oceania.
In September 2008, Prime Minister Apisai Ielemia was the first Tuvaluan leader to pay a State visit to Cuba, during a first ever Cuba-Pacific ministerial meeting in Havana. The meeting focused on "strengthening co-operation in health, sports and education", and Cuba pledged assistance to Pacific Island countries in facing the effects of climate change - a particularly important issue for Tuvalu. The Cuba News Agency reported that Ielemia had "thanked Cuba for its social and economic cooperation".
As of June 2009, there are three Cuban doctors providing specialised medical care in Tuvalu, one having arrived in October 2008 and two more in February 2009. Prensa Latina reported that these doctors had "inaugurated a series of new health services in Tuvalu". They had reportedly "attended 3,496 patients, and saved 53 lives", having "opened ultrasound and abortion services, as well as specialized consultations on hypertension, diabetes, and chronic diseases in children". They had visited all the country's islands, and were training local staff in "primary health care, and how to deal with seriously ill patients, among other subjects".
- "Pacific and Cuba meet to discuss co-operation". Radio New Zealand International. September 17, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2011.
- "Cuban Foreign Minister Opens Cuba-Pacific Islands Meeting", Cuban News Agency, September 16, 2008
- Official website of the Permanent Mission of Tuvalu to the United Nations Archived November 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Prime Minister Apisai Ielemia's address to the 63rd session of the United Nations General Assembly, September 26, 2008
- "Cuba and island states of the Pacific strengthen relations", Cuba News Agency, September 17, 2008
- "Cuban doctors have inaugurated a series of new health services in Tuvalu a small island nation in the Pacific", Prensa Latina, June 14, 2009