Cuban black hawk

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Cuban black hawk
Buteogallus gundlachii -Camaguey Province, Cuba-8 (1).jpg
In Camagüey Province, Cuba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Accipitriformes
Family: Accipitridae
Genus: Buteogallus
Species: B. gundlachii
Binomial name
Buteogallus gundlachii
(Cabanis, 1855)

Buteogallus anthracinus gundlachii

The Cuban black hawk (Buteogallus gundlachii) is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. It is endemic to Cuba and several outlying cays.


The Cuban black hawk has traditionally been considered a subspecies of the common black hawk (B. anthracinus), but recent evidence suggests it should be treated as a separate species.[2]


Measuring 53 cm (21 in), this hawk is mainly dark brown verging on black. A lighter greyish or whitish patch may be present on the face between the bill and the eye. White patches at the base of the primary flight feathers are visible in flight. The tail is striped with wide black and white bands. The legs are yellow and the bill is yellow tipped in black.[3]


The Cuban black hawk is restricted to coastal swamps and mangroves, where it feeds mainly on crabs and small birds.[3]


The species was first evaluated for the IUCN Red List in 2008 and is listed as near threatened. Total population size has been estimated at 15,000 birds. Numbers are suspected to be declining due to the continued degradation and draining of its habitat.[1][4]


  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Buteogallus gundlachii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Wiley, J.W.; Garrido, O.H. (2005). "Taxonomic status and biology of the Cuban Black-hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus gundlachii (Aves: Acciptridae)" (PDF). The Journal of Raptor Research. 39: 351–364. 
  3. ^ a b Garrido, Orlando H.; Kirkconnell, Arturo (2000). Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba. Ithaca, NY: Comstock, Cornell University Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-8014-8631-9. 
  4. ^ "2008 IUCN Redlist status changes". BirdLife International. 2008. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 

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