Cuban immigration to Mexico

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Cuban Mexican
Músicos cubanos en restaurante de Coyocán, Ciudad de México.JPG
Cuban musicians in Coyoacán, Mexico City.
Total population

17,653 Cuba-born residents (2015)[1]

Unknown number of Mexicans of Cuban descent
Regions with significant populations
Mexico CityQuintana RooVeracruzYucatan
Mexican Spanish and Cuban Spanish
Roman CatholicismSanteria
Related ethnic groups
Cuban diaspora

There is a significant Cuban diaspora in Mexico. As of 2012, there were 14,637 Cuban-born individuals registered with the Mexican government as living in Mexico.[2] However, the number is likely larger as not all Cubans in the country are legal residents.[3]

Migration history[edit]

Pedro de Ampudia, prominent military officer and politician that served as Governor of Tabasco, Yucatán, and Nuevo León.

Hernan Cortez and his crew of soldiers and sailors used Cuba as a launching point for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. Cuba-born individuals began arriving during the colonial era and have continued into the post-independence era. Many arrived fleeing from the chaos caused by the Cuban War of Independence. Fidel Castro and his followers used Mexico as a launching point for the Cuban Revolution. The majority of modern Cuban migrants have been exiles or refugees fleeing from the Communist regime in Cuba. Both countries share the Spanish language; their historical origins are common (part of the Spanish Empire).


The danzón arrived with traders and refugees of the Ten Years' War through the ports in Veracruz and Yucatan.[4] While the genre has gone out of style in Cuba, it continues to be popular in Mexico. It reached its peak in popularity in the ballrooms of Mexico City in the 1940s, then went through a decline and afterwards entered a renaissance in the late 20th century. The most famous Mexican danzón piece is Danzón No. 2.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Table 16: Total migrant stock at mid-year by origin and by major area, region, country or area of destination, 2015". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Ernesto Rodríguez Chávez (2013). "CUBANS IN MEXICO. INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY AND SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOR PARTICIPATION PATTERNS." (PDF). Florida International University. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Cuban expats are celebrating — the ones in Mexico, that is". Global Post. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Young Mexicans embrace the seductive charms of the dance that Cuba forgot". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Weimer, Tanya N. (2008), La diáspora cubana en México : terceros espacios y miradas excéntricas, New York: Lang, OCLC 778170258