Cuckmere Valley

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Cuckmere Valley
Cuckmere Valley is located in East Sussex
Cuckmere Valley
Cuckmere Valley
Cuckmere Valley shown within East Sussex
Area 17.6 km2 (6.8 sq mi) [1]
Population 191 (2011)[2]
• Density 30/sq mi (12/km2)
OS grid reference TQ523017
• London 50 miles (80 km) NNW
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town POLEGATE
Postcode district BN26 5
Dialling code 01323
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
50°48′N 0°10′E / 50.80°N 0.16°E / 50.80; 0.16Coordinates: 50°48′N 0°10′E / 50.80°N 0.16°E / 50.80; 0.16

Cuckmere Valley is a civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. As its name suggests, the parish consists of a number of small settlements in the lower reaches of the River Cuckmere.[3]

The settlements[edit]

There are four villages within the Cuckmere Valley: Alfriston, Litlington, Lullington and West Dean. Archaeological remains nearer the coast at Exceat suggest a further settlement there in former times.

The civil parish of Cuckmere Valley was created in 1990 when Litlington, Lullington and Westdean parishes were abolished, with small areas transferred between Litlington and Alfriston, which remained a separate civil parish.[4]

Alfriston[edit]

A significant settlement from early Saxon times, Alfriston is now the largest village in the valley. St. Andrews, Alfriston's fourteenth century church, is sometimes referred to as the Cathedral of the South Downs. It is built on the remains of a large Saxon burial mound said to be the site of the last resting place of St. Lewinna the seventh century Saxon princess and Christian martyr.

Litlington[edit]

Chalk horse figure near Litlington

The name is Saxon, and probably indicates Litl's homestead. The twelfth- century church is dedicated to St Michael the Archangel.

Maria Fitzherbert (1756–1837), mistress of George IV, lived at Clapham House in the village.

In 1924 a chalk figure of a horse was cut into the downs to the west of the village, replacing one cut in the 19th century.[5] The village inn is the Plough and Harrow.[6]

Lullington[edit]

Lullington is the most northerly of the three, about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Lewes. It lies on a shoulder of the South Downs at the point where the River Cuckmere cuts through the downs, on the opposite bank of the river to Alfriston.[7] A medieval village, Lullington Court, was abandoned after the Black Death in the 14th century; its site was to the east of the present Lullington. The church, dedicated to the Good Shepherd, is believed to be the smallest in England, having been rebuilt using only the original chancel after a fire had destroyed the remainder of the building. Services are held only in the summer months, as the building has no electricity.[8][9]

Exceat[edit]

Exceat (pronounced ex-seat) was an ancient village. The A259 goes by it just east of the River Cuckmere. The name may have come from æc-sceat, an oak grove,[10] or from the Old English for "the place of the Aese", early kings of Kent. After the Norman conquest, the village was given to Robert, Count of Mortain, half brother of William the Conqueror. Both Exceat and the land were given later to Grestein Priory in Wilmington.

Until the 14th century, Exceat was an important village with its own church. The village suffered French raids; it suffered many fatalities during the Black Death, as was effectively abandoned by the 15th century.

The main features are the Visitors Centre for the nearby Seven Sisters[11] and the Cuckmere Inn Public House[12] across Exceat Bridge over the Cuckmere.

West Dean[edit]

All Saints Church, West Dean

West Dean (or Westdean) is located on the edge of Friston Forest. Its church is dedicated to All Saints.[13]

Landmarks[edit]

The National Trust owns land on the western side of the river south of the A259.

In addition, there are three Sites of Special Scientific Interest within the parish; Seaford to Beachy Head, Wilmington Downs and Lullington Heath. Seaford to Beachy Head is a large site of biological and geological importance. The area contains a wide variety of habitats based on the chalk bedrock, which hosts a wide range of flora and fauna, including some nationally rare species.[14] Wilmington Downs is another area of biological interest; its chalk grassland is habitat for several rare species.[15] Lullington Heath is also of biological interest due to its chalk heath and grassland habitats.[16]

A panoramic view across the Cuckmere Valley along the South Downs Way

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "East Sussex in Figures". East Sussex County Council. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Parish Election results (includes map showing location of the parish)
  4. ^ "East Sussex Record Office: Guide to records of rating and taxation" (PDF). East Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2012-09-02. 
  5. ^ Short item on history of Littlington Horse
  6. ^ "Plough and Harrow". beerintheevening.com. 
  7. ^ Kelly's Directory of Kent, Surrey & Sussex, 1891 Lullington notes
  8. ^ "Lullington Church". alfriston-churches.co.uk. 
  9. ^ Notes on Alfristion, including further notes on Lullington
  10. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4. ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0198691033. 
  11. ^ "Seven Sisters Country Park Visitor Centre". sevensisters.org.uk. 
  12. ^ "britishpubguide.com". britishpubguide.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-11. 
  13. ^ "West Dean". alfriston-churches.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-10-07. 
  14. ^ "Natural England — SSSI (Seaford to Beachy Head)". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  15. ^ "Natural England — SSSI (Wilmington Downs)". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  16. ^ "Natural England — SSSI (Lullington Heath)". English Nature. Retrieved 2008-10-03.