Marans

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Marans
Cuckoo Marans.jpg
A cuckoo Marans hen
Other names
  • French: Poule de Marans
  • Country Hen
Country of origin France
Standard Marans-Club de France (in French)
Traits
Weight
  • Male: Standard: 3.5–4 kg
    Bantam: 1100 g[1]
  • Female: Standard: 2.5–3 kg
    Bantam: 900 g
Egg colour Dark brown
Comb type Single
Classification
APA Continental[2]
PCGB Soft Feather: Heavy[3]

The Marans, French: Poule de Marans, is a breed of chicken from the port town of Marans, in the département of Charente-Maritime, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. It was created with the local feral chickens descended from fighting game chickens carried from Indonesia and India. Those original Marandaise fowl were "improved" for the table through recombination with imported Croad Langshans. A favourite at poultry shows, it is a dual-purpose fowl known both for its extremely dark eggs and fine meat qualities.

History[edit]

The Marans originated in Marans, France, and were imported into the United Kingdom in the 1930s.

Characteristics[edit]

There are 9 recognised colours in the French standard: cuckoo, golden cuckoo, black, birchen, black copper, wheaten, black-tailed buff, white and Columbian. Black copper (black with copper feathers on the neck) and cuckoo (barred feathers, giving a black and white speckled appearance) are the most common of these. Other colours not officially recognised (such as blue copper, blue, and splash) also exist.

They should have orange eyes. The shanks are usually slate or pink, the soles of the feet should always be white as Marans have white skin, not yellow. Though the original Marans could also be feather-legged birds, British breeders preferred the clean-legged version, and thus feather-legged Marans are now mainly found in France and the United States. The Australian Poultry Standard recognises both feather- and clean-legged.[4] The American Poultry Association only recognises feather-legged.

Use[edit]

Marans eggs

Marans hens lay around 150–200 dark brown eggs each year depending on the variety. Marans are historically a dual-purpose bird, prized not only for their dark eggs but for their table qualities as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Standard officiel de la Marans (in French). Marans-Club de France. Accessed August 2014.
  2. ^ APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties: As of January 1, 2012. American Poultry Association. Archived 4 November 2017.
  3. ^ Breed Classification. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Accessed August 2014.
  4. ^ 2nd Australian Poultry Standard, 2012, published by the Victorian Poultry Breeder Association (trading as Poultry Stud Breeders and Exhibitors Victoria)