|Butternut squash, a variety of Cucurbita moschata|
Duchesne ex Poir.
Cucurbita moschata is a species originating in either Central America or northern South America. It includes cultivars of squash and pumpkin. C. moschata cultivars are generally more tolerant of hot, humid weather than cultivars of C. maxima or C. pepo. They also generally display a greater resistance to disease and insects, especially to the squash vine borer. Commercially made pumpkin pie mix is most often made from varieties of C. moschata. The ancestral species of the genus Cucurbita were present in the Americas before the arrival of humans. Evolutionarily speaking the genus is relatively recent in origin as no species within the genus is genetically isolated from all the other species. C. moschata acts as the genetic bridge within the genus and is closest to the genus' progenitor. Cultivars include:
'Butternut' type, also "Bell" type. Robinson and Decker-Walters (1997) p. 80: "Three horticultural groupings of C. moschata cultivars are recognized in the commercial trade of North America: (...) Bell. Fruit bell-shaped to almost cylindrical." "The bell squash 'Butternut' is an important winter squash with excellent quality. It was selected for better fruit shape from the heirloom cultivar 'Canada Crookneck' and introduced by the Breck Seed Company in 1936. The elongated neck of the buff-coloured 'Butternut' fruit is generally straight but occasionally curved. The neck is entirely usable because the small seed cavity is confined to the bulbous base of the fruit. 'Waltham Butternut' is similar, but produces a higher proportion of fruits with straight necks. It was obtained by crossing 'New Hampshire Butternut' with an African plant introduction to the USA, and has been a very popular cultivar ever since its commercial introduction in 1970".
Cucurbita moschata Crookneck type. Similar to 'Butternut' with an elongated neck that twists during cultivation. Cultivars belonging to this group: in USA 'Neck pumpkin' and 'Pennsylvania Dutch Crookneck' (upper photograph), in Italy and France 'Tromba d' Albenga', 'Tromboncino' (bottom photograph). 'Neck pumpkin' most popular in the Mid-Atlantic states of the United States, particularly in areas with an Amish influence. Also within this group 'Canada Crookneck' from which 'Butternut' was originated.
37 lb 'Long of Naples' squash. Belonging to Crookneck group.
A 'Long Island Cheese' Pumpkin - exterior resembles a wheel of cheese in shape, color, and texture. Robinson and Decker-Walters (1997) p. 80: "Three horticultural groupings of Cucurbita moschata cultivars are recognized in the commercial trade of North America: (..) Cheese. Fruit variable, but usually oblate with a buff-coloured rind."
- Cucurbita moschata 'Golden Cushaw'. Similar shape but a different species than the most common Cucurbita argyrosperma "cushaw" type.
- Dickinson field pumpkin - 'Libby's Select' uses the Select Dickinson Pumpkin variety of C. moschata for its canned pumpkins
- Kentucky field pumpkin
- Calabaza - a commonly grown squash in Cuba and Puerto Rico
- Seminole pumpkin - a squash cultivated by the Seminole Indians of Florida
- "Loche", a group of landraces in Peru. A very concentrated and expensive squash used for flavoring. 
- The Plant List, Cucurbita moschata
- Hui, Yiu H. (2006). "Pumpkins and Squashes". Handbook of Food Science, Technology, and Engineering 1. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 20–10.
- Whitaker, Thomas W.; Bemis, W. P. (1975). "Origin and Evolution of the Cultivated Cucurbita". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (New York: Torrey Botanical Society) 102 (6): 362–368. doi:10.2307/2484762. JSTOR 2484762.
- Robinson, R. W.; Decker-Walters, D. S. 1997. Cucurbits. CAB INTERNATIONAL.
- Elisa Ludwig (19 November 2009). "Pumpkin Can Be So Much More Than Pie". The Inquirer. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Zucchetta". Mount Vernon Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center: Vegetable Research and Extension. Washington State University. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- West-Duran, Alan (2003). African Caribbeans: a reference guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 110. ISBN 0-313-31240-0.
- Richardson, R. W. "Squash and Pumpkin" (PDF). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Stephens, James M. "Pumpkin — Cucurbita spp.". University of Florida. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Baggett, J. R. "Attempts to Cross Cucurbita moschata (Duch.) Poir. 'Butternut' and C. pepo L. 'Delicata'". North Carolina State University. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Andres TC, R Ugás, F Bustamante. 2006. Loche: A unique pre-Columbian squash locally grown in North Coastal Peru. In: Proceedings of Cucurbitaceae 2006. G.J. Holmes (eds.) Universal Press, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. pp. 333-340. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/237805567_Loche_a_Unique_Pre-Columbian_Squash_Locally_Grown_in_North_Coastal_Peru
|External identifiers for Cucurbita moschata|
|Encyclopedia of Life||584408|
- Media related to Cucurbita moschata at Wikimedia Commons
- Data related to Cucurbita moschata at Wikispecies
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