Cuenca, Batangas

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Cuenca and Mt. Maculot
Cuenca and Mt. Maculot
Official seal of Cuenca
Nickname(s): Home of the Bakers
Map of Batangas showing the location of Cuenca
Map of Batangas showing the location of Cuenca
Cuenca is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°55′N 121°03′E / 13.92°N 121.05°E / 13.92; 121.05Coordinates: 13°55′N 121°03′E / 13.92°N 121.05°E / 13.92; 121.05
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 3rd District
Founded 1877
Barangays 21
 • Mayor Celerino Endaya
 • Total 58.18 km2 (22.46 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 32,783
 • Density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Cuencano/Cuencana/Taga-Cuenca
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4222
Dialing code +63 (0)43
Income class 4th class
Website ‹See Tfm›

Cuenca is a fourth class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,783 people.[3]

Once a part of San Jose, it became an independent town under the name of "Cuenca" in 1876. Its most famous tourist attraction is a 600 metres (2,000 ft) high mountain, Mount Maculot.

The Patron of Cuenca is Saint Isidore the Laborer, the patron of farmers. A celebratory feast is held on May 15.


Cuenca was founded in 1875 by the decree of the Superior Gobierno issued on August 11, 1875. Another document states that the barrios of Maculot, Dita, Ibabao, Labac, Bungahan and Dalipit be constituted into one civil and independent town due to its distance from the town of San Jose.

Parish of San Isidro Labrador

In 1896, Cuenca had a population of 5,660, which increased to 6,938 in 1898.

During World War II, the town became a stronghold of the Japanese forces in Batangas. They built tunnels in some parts of Barangay Dita. During the Liberation, Cuenca was badly damaged by bombing which caused the deforestation of the mountain slopes. Help in the rehabilitation of the area began when local Filipino troops and officers of the 4th, 42nd and 45th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary entered the liberated area in Cuenca, between 1944 and 1945. They worked with local guerrilla resistance fighters and American liberation forces against the Japanese. The combined Filipino-American ground forces helped reconstruct the town by building schools and bridges. A plaque in Cuenca Central Elem. School commemorates their efforts.

The Cuenca Institute was founded in 1947, in order to provide secondary education and is the oldest secondary institution in Cuenca. Prior to its founding, students who graduated elementary school had to travel to Batangas City or Manila for further education.

Cuenca has became known not only for its mountain but also as "The Home Of The Bakers". In Manila, over 90% of all bakers are originally from Cuenca[citation needed].

Each year, a festival is held in honor of San Isidro Labrador, the patron of farmers.


Cuenca is politically subdivided into 21 barangays.[2] Don Juan was constituted as a barrio in 1954 from the sitios of Lungos ng Parang, Kulit, Lumampao, Pisa, Napapanayam and Lagundian.[4]

  • Balagbag
  • Bungahan
  • Calumayin
  • Dalipit East
  • Dalipit West
  • Dita
  • Don Juan
  • Emmanuel
  • Ibabao
  • Labac
  • Pinagkaisahan
  • San Felipe
  • San Isidro
  • Barangay 1 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 2 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 3 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 4 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 5 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 6 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 7 (Pob.)
  • Barangay 8 (Pob.)


Cuenca town hall
Population census of Cuenca
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 20,176 —    
1995 22,758 +2.28%
2000 25,642 +2.59%
2007 28,581 +1.51%
2010 31,236 +3.29%
2015 32,783 +0.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5]

The population of Cuenca, Batangas, in the 2015 census was 32,783 people,[3] with a density of 560 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,500 inhabitants per square mile.


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: BATANGAS". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region IV-A (CALABARZON)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "An Act to Create the Barrio of Don Juan in the Municipality of Cuenca, Province of Batangas". Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  5. ^ "Region IV-A (CALABARZON)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 

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