Cuevas del Drach

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Cuevas del Drach

The Caves of Drach (modern Catalan spelling: Coves del Drac [ˈkɔβəz ðəl ˈdɾak]; Spanish: Cuevas del Drach; lit. "Dragon caves") are four great caves that are located in the island of Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain,[1] extending to a depth of 25 m and reaching approximately 4 km in length.[1] They are in the municipality of Manacor, near the locality of Porto Cristo. They were first mentioned in a letter dated 1338.[citation needed] The four caves, called Black Cave, White Cave, Cave of Luis Salvador, and Cave of the French, are connected to each other.

The caves have formed by water being forced through the entrance from the Mediterranean Sea, and some researchers think the formation may date back to the Miocene Epoch. There is an underground lake situated in the caves called Martel Lake, which is about 115 m in length and 30 m in width, and its depth varies between four and twelve meters.[2] It is named after the French explorer and scientist Édouard-Alfred Martel, considered the founding father of speleology, who was invited to explore the cave 1896. While German cave explorer, M.F. Will, had mapped the White and Black cave in 1880, Martel found two more caves, as well as the underground lake.[3]

The caves are open to the public and one of the main attractions on Mallorca. The visit ends with a short classical concert performed by four musicians on a boat.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 130. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-11. Retrieved 2014-12-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Areas of Mallorca | Llevant | Caves of Drach | Caves of Hams". Mallorca Days Out. Retrieved 2016-08-30.

Coordinates: 39°32′09″N 3°19′49″E / 39.5359°N 3.3304°E / 39.5359; 3.3304